Occupation is an important determinant of health in general and its overall positive or negative effect on well-being results from the interaction between individual characteristics and work related features, the latter comprising biomechanical, psychosocial and sociological axes. In India, about three fourth of the population are dependent on different type of crop cultivation; of which paddy cultivation is an important one. Paddy cultivation involves in various processes, some of the postures, which were taken by crop cultivators, were very harmful. Some of the works are dominated by static muscular contraction and some other works are involved with repeated dynamic activity. In this backdrop the present study has been undertaken to assess the musculoskeletal disorders and overall postural stress in 55 male food growers during transplanting of paddy seedlings in southern area of West Bengal (WB). Different working postures of the agricultural workers analyzed with the ovako working posture analysis system (OWAS), rapid upper limb assessment (RULA), and rapid entire body assessment (REBA) methods. The food growers adopt awkward postures at work and suffer from musculoskeletal disorders because they remain in such awkward postures for a prolonged period of time. From the result of the present study it was observed that those food growers worked continuously in awkward postures during certain agricultural activities. Consequently they suffered from discomfort in different parts of their body.
Yogesh Soni, is currently working as Assistant Professor in Department of Physiology, Guru Nanak Institutions [Guru Nanak Institutions Technical Campus (GNITC)], Telangana State, Hyderabad, is having M. Sc. degree in Human Physiology from University of Calcutta with a first class. He has published 71 full length research papers; among them 30 as first author in Peer Reviewed Journals (International and National), Conference Proceedings and as Book Chapters and also presented papers in International and National Conferences held at different university. He also served as member of eEditorial Board and Reviewer of different International and National Journal.