Sessions

Sep 25-27, 2023    Prague, Czech Republic

2nd International Conference on

Orthopedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Disorders

Sessions

Orthopedics

 Orthopedics is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuriesdegenerative diseasesinfectionstumors, and congenital disorders.Originally, the term orthopedics meant the correcting of musculoskeletal deformities in children. Nicolas Andry, a professor of medicine at the University of Paris, coined the term in the first textbook written on the subject in 1741. He advocated the use of exercise, manipulation, and splinting to treat deformities in children. His book was directed towards parents, and while some topics would be familiar to orthopedists today, it also included 'excessive sweating of the palms' and freckles.

  • Musculoskeletal  trauma
  • spine diseases
  • sports injuries
  • degenerative diseases
  • infections
  • tumors
  • congenital disorders

  • Musculoskeletal ┬átrauma spine diseases sports injuries degenerative diseases infections tumors congenital disorders

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis itself has no symptoms,its main consequence is the increased risk of bone fractures. Osteoporotic fractures occur in situations where healthy people would not normally break a bone; they are therefore regarded as fragility fractures. Typical fragility fractures occur in the vertebral column, rib, hip and wrist.Prevention of osteoporosis includes a proper diet during childhood and efforts to avoid medications that increase the rate of bone loss. Efforts to prevent broken bones in those with osteoporosis include a good diet, exercise, and fall prevention.The risk factors include

  • Age
  • Height and weight
  • Genetic factors
  • Reduced Sex hormone

Arthroplasty

Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure performed by an orthopedic surgeon that alters or completely replaces a joint in the body, usually to restore normal motion and relieve pain in a malformed or diseased joint, such as the hip, knee, shoulder, elbow or ankle. Arthroplasty may also be required due to cartilage that wears out, limb/joint malalignment, joint space narrowing, a stiff joint, disease, or other degenerative or traumatic conditions.

 They are of six types namely:-

  • Excisional Arthroplasty
  • Mold Arthroplasty
  • Silicone replacement Arthroplasty
  • Resurfacing Arthroplasty
  • Interpositional Arthroplasty
  • Osteotomy

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.

Different medications are :-

  • Oral analgesics
  • Cymbalta
  • Corticosteroids
  • Topical analgesics

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Physical medicine and rehabilitation is a medical specialty that helps people regain body functions they lost due to medical conditions or injury. This term is often used to describe the whole medical team, not just the doctors.

Rehabilitation can help many body functions, including bowel and bladder problems, chewing and swallowing, problems thinking or reasoning, movement or mobility, speech, and language.

The psychiatrists related to this field treat patients having

  • Spinal cord injury
  • Amputations
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Stroke

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions. Physical therapy is provided by physical therapists who promote, maintain, or restore health through physical examination, diagnosis, prognosis, patient education, physical intervention, rehabilitation, disease prevention and health promotion. Physical therapists are known as physiotherapists in many countries.

Physical therapists are known as physiotherapists in many countries.It has many specialities including:-

  • Women’s health
  • Cardiopulmonary
  • Geriatrics
  • Pediatrics
  • Endocrinology

Rotator Cuff Problems

Rotator cuff is a group of tendons and muscles in your shoulder. It helps you lift and rotate your arm. It also helps keep your shoulder joint in place. But sometimes, the rotator cuff tendons tear or get pinched by the bones around them.Recovery from arthroscopic surgery is typically quicker than open tendon repair.

The symptoms are:-

  • Stiffness
  • Loss of mobility in the affected arm
  • A sound raising the arm
  • Pain to reach back

Tendonitis

Tendinitis, also known as tendonitis, is the inflammation of a tendon. It happens when a person overuses or injures a tendon, for example, during sport. It is normally linked to an acute injury with inflammation. It often affects the elbow, wrist, finger, thigh, and other parts of the body.

The more affected areas are

  • Shoulder
  • Hip
  • Knee
  • Achilles Tendon
  • Thumb
  • Elbow

Juvenile Osteoporosis

The condition after  menopause  that weakens their bone leading to fractures. Most probably it will also happen in children between the  age of 8-14. It is regarded as the serious problem because it occur in the developing stage of the children.Mainly they are of  two kinds:-

  • Secondary osteoporosis
  • Idiopathic Osteoporosis

Bone Densitometry Exam DEXA

Before getting any fractures you can address proactively bone loss which we can call as bone densitometry exam ,also called as  bone density test or dual energy x-ray absorptiometry  .

They are of two types such as

  • Central DEXA
  • Peripheral DEXA

                         

Conventional Radiography

For detecting complications of osteopenia i.e, reduced bone mass; pre-osteoporosis, such as fractures, for differential diagnosis of osteopenia, or for follow-up examinations in specific clinical settings, such as soft tissue calcifications, secondary hyperparathyroidism, or osteomalacia in renal osteodystrophy. 

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Speakers Interview