Adipose Tissue Stem Cell Technology
Adipose Tissue Stem Cells are known as multipotent cells, which are most commonly used in the clinical application like adipose tissue. It is used in harvesting, isolation and expansion of tissue stem cells and these derived cells are mesenchyme cells, which have capacity for self-renewal and they are differentiated. These stem cells are used for clinical trials
Cryoconsersation of Animal Genetic Resources
Crpoconversation is one of the main processes to preserve the organelles, cells, tissues, extracellular matrix, organs at low temperature by cooling. Its main strategies to converse farm animals genetic resources, and they provide opportunities in genetic improvement and adaptions to changes in production. Traditional cryoconversation has relied on coating the materials to be frozen with class of molecules termed as cryoprotectants, many new methods are also investigated and this cryoconversation of animal genetic resources is done with the intention of conversion of breed.
DNA Sequencing and Fragmentation
DNA sequencing is a process of determining the nucleic acid sequence. It includes any method or technology that is used to determine the order of four bases i.e. guanine, adenine, cytosine and thymine. DNA geographic projects are in numerous applied such as medical diagnosis, biotechnology, forensic biology and virology. DNA fragmentation is the separation or breaking the DNA strands into pieces. It can be done by intentionally by laboratory personnel or by cells. It can be measured by Tunce assay.
Enzyme and Protein Engineering
Protein engineering is the design of new enzymes or proteins with new or desirable functions. Enzyme engineering can be defined as the process through which the sequence of amino acids is changed by recombinant DNA mutation to design new and better proteins or enzymes. This is done to modify the catalytic activity of single enzymes so that new metabolites can be produced.
Gene Therapy and Gene Editing
Gene therapy involves altering the genes inside your body cells in an effort to treat or stop disease. Genes contains DNA – codes that control much of your body form and function and it is focused on genetic modifications of cells to produce therapeutic effect. In gene editing, which the DNA is inserted, deleted, modified or replaced in the genome of living organisms. Genome editing targets the insertions to site specific locations.
Genetic Engineering and Human Disorder
Genetic Engineering is the direct manipulation of an organism genes using biotechnology. New DNA is obtained by either isolating or copying genetic material using recombinant DNA methods. Inserting genes means the process can be used to remove or knock out genes. An organism is generated through genetic engineering is considered to be genetically modified organisms. Genetic disorders are occurs when a mutation affect the genes. Carrying the mutation doesn’t mean you’ll end up with a disease. There are many types including single gene multifactorial and chromosomal disorders.
Genetic Research and Advanced Techniques
Genetic research studies how individual genes or groups of genes are involved in wealth and disease. Electrophoresis, cloning, probes, polymerase chain reaction, clinical genetics, human genetics are the few advanced techniques used in genetic research.
Machine Learning Applications in Bioinformatics
Machine leaning in bioinformatics is the application of machine learning algorithms to bioinformatics including genomics, proteomics, micro array, system biology, evolution and text mining. It is also applied to the automatic annotation of gene and protein function, determination of protein subcellular localization, DNA expression assay analysis, large scale protein interaction analysis and molecular analysis.
Molecular Modeling and Drug Designing
Molecular modeling is used in theoretical and computational method and minimizes the behavior of molecules and molecular system. It also helps the scientists to visualize the molecule to discover new compounds of drugs. Drug designing is the inventive process of finding new medications based on knowledge of a biological target. The drug is most commonly an organic molecule that activities or inhibits the function of biomolecules such as protein, which results in therapeutic benefit to patient.
Plant and Animal Biotechnology
Plant biotechnology can be use the tissue culture and genetic engineering techniques to produce genetically modified plants that exhibit new or improved desirable characteristics. Animal biotechnology deals with the molecular biology techniques are used to modify the genome of animals in order to improve their suitability for agriculture, industrial or pharmaceuticals applications.