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Fibre-optic communication is a method of communicating information from one place to another by directing pulses of light through an optical fibre. Optical fibre is used by several telecommunications companies to transfer telephone signals, Internet communication, and cable television signals.

  • Growth of thin films by vapour deposition
  • Nano photonics and Bio photonics
  • Nano and Quantum Sciences
  • Fibre optic transmitter
  • Fibre optic cable
  • Receivers, Repeaters and Amplifiers

The use of fibre optics in telecommunications and widespread area networking has been shared for many years, but more in recent times fibre optics have become increasingly prevalent in industrial data communications systems as well. High data rate capabilities, noise rejection and electrical isolation are just a few of the significant features that make fibre optic technology ideal for use in industrial and marketable systems.

  • Optoelectronics and Microelectronics
  • Optical Materials
  • Rare earth doped optical fibre
  • Optical fibre near infrared spectroscopy
  • Adaptive optics
  • Mode-selective Photonic Lanterns from Multicore Fibres

Optics and photonics offer new and vivacious approaches to meet the experiments regarding energy preservation, education, agriculture, personal health and the environment. One of the most effective ways to address these global problems is to provide updated and reliable content on light-based technologies.

  • Diffraction optics
  • Optical fabrication
  • Optical imaging

Quantum optics is a field of exploration that uses semi-classical and quantum-mechanical physics to inspect phenomena involving light and its dealings with matter at sub microscopic levels.

  • Quantum Optics
  • Quantum photonics
  • Quantum Optics
  • Advancements in Photonics
  • Waveguides

The electromagnetic spectrum is self-possessed of observable and near-infrared light like that transmitted by fibre, and all other wavelengths used to communicate signals such as AM and FM radio and television.

  • Advantages of optics compared to electronic tracking
  • Electrical systems
  • Wave optics
  • Optical Microscopy
  • Electron Microscopy
  • The Spectrometer
  • Remote Sensing and Sensors
  • Diffraction and Gratings
  • Fourier Optics and Signal Processing

The communications industry was transfigured with the introduction of optical fibre communications systems (OFCS) entailing of diode lasers emitting infrared light signals at wavelengths chosen for transmission with least loss in high-purity glass fibres.

  • Lasers in Medical Field
  • light technology
  • Optics and Lasers in Engineering
  • Optics Laser Technology
  • Optical fibres and Amplifiers for Deployed Networks
  • Spectroscopy of nanostructures
  • Biosensing and biophotonics
  • Applications of nanotechnology in optics

A submarine communications is a cable laid on the sea bed among land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across expanses of ocean and sea. Carried telegraphy traffic, beginning the first instant telecommunications links among continents, such as the first transatlantic telegraph cable.

  • Submarine communications
  • Maritime Night Vision
  • Blue, Green Red Filters colour enhancement
  • Hermetically Sealing Metallization
  • Enabling technologies and their applications in optical network
  • Architecture and design of fibre-based optical networks
  • Survivability, reliability, and security of optical networks
  • Architecture and implementation of the Optical Internet

The Optical Fibre Production in Microgravity investigation validates the merits of industrialized fibre optic filaments in microgravity. The demo of the scientific and commercial evidences of manufacturing bizarre optical fibre in microgravity could set the stage for large scale manufacture of high-quality fibre optic fibre in orbit.

  • Optical Networks Track
  • Growth of thin films by solution processes
  • Prototype devices based on second and third order NLO organics and polymers
  • Time-correlated confocal nano-spectroscopic microscopy of single and clustered nanoprobes
  • Optical tweezers and single molecule spectroscopy and microscopy
  • Integrated microscopy of photo-excited nanoparticles and related processes

Geometrical optics, or ray optics, defines light propagation in terms of rays. The ray in geometric optics is an abstraction useful for similar to the paths along which light promulgates under certain surroundings.

  • Rare fraction
  • Specular and Diffuse Reflection
  • Applications on images
  • Optical lever and light-beam galvanometers
  • Security Convex
  • Quantum Optics for Open system
  • Quantum Optics for closed system
  • Computational methods in Quantum Optics
  • Quantum Optomechanics

A communications system is a gathering of distinct communications networks, transmission systems, relay stations, tributary stations, and data terminal equipment (DTE) usually capable of interconnection and interoperation to form an integrated whole.

  • Data Terminal Equipment
  • Transmissions
  • Input Transducers
  • Communication channel
  • Geographic Information Systems Mapping patterns
  • Visual presentation
  • Location optimization
  • Dual-Periodic Photonic Crystal Structures
  • Applications of Tilted-Pulse-Front Excitation

Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, messages, words, literatures, images and sounds or suggestion of any nature by wire, radio, optical or electromagnetic systems. Telecommunication arises when the interchange of information among communication contributors embraces the usage of technology.

  • Informational technology
  • Analogy Communication and Digital Communication
  • Analogy versus digital communications
  • Optics Communication
  • Optical Communications and Networking
  • Geographic Information Systems
  • Application of Multicore Optical Fibres in Astronomy
  • All-fibre optical interconnection for dissimilar multicore fibres with low insertion loss

A communications satellite is an artificial satellite that relays and amplifies radio telecommunications signals. It creates a communication channel among a source spreader and a receiver at dissimilar positions on Earth. Wireless communication uses electromagnetic waves to carry signals.

  • Space flight
  • Space Race
  • Space Probes
  • Satellite Navigation
  • Theory, Experiment and application of optical fibre etching
  • Demodulation of an optical fibre

AI academics have produced many tools to solve the most challenging teething troubles in computer science. Many of their discoveries have been adopted by conventional computer science and are no longer considered a part of AI effectives-- sharing, interactive, graphical user interfaces and the computer mouse, rapid development milieus.

  • Role of a Measurement Plane to Monitor and Manage QOS in Optical Access Networks
  • Health care
  • Finance and economics
  • Military
  • Art
  • Low-loss Fibre-bundle-type Fan-inFan-out Device for 6-mode 19-core Fibre
  • Erbium Doped Fibre Amplifier with Passive Temperature Compensation

Optical interfaces to biological neural networks can be shaped with opt genetics, but is not the same as an optical neural networks. Executing this with optical machineries is problematic, and ideally requires progressive photonic materials. Properties that might be desirable in photonic materials for optical neural networks include the capability to change their efficiency of transmitting light, based on the intensity of incoming light

  • Telemedicine
  • Response of Coated Iron Oxide s Nanoparticles Towards Biomedical Applications
  • Randomly-coupled Single-mode 12-core Fibre with Highest Core Density
  • Fabrication of Multi Core Fibre by Using Slurry Casting Method

Microwave Communication is an effective type of communication, mainly this transmission uses radio waves, and the wavelengths of radio waves are measured in centimetres. In this communication, the data or information can be transfers by two methods. One is satellite method and another one is terrestrial method.

  • Micro strip patch antenna
  • Horn antenna
  • Parabolic antenna
  • Microwave Photonic Subsystems
  • Microwave Communication
  • Signal Processing Subsystems for RF Photonics
  • A Silicon Integrated Microwave-Photonic Transceiver

In most applications, these fibres are used in conjunction with conventional optics to transport light. But photonics offers a huge range of optical manipulations beyond light transport that were rarely exploited before 2001. The fundamental obstacle to the broader use of photonics is the difficulty of achieving photonic action in a multimode fibre.

  • Optik

Biomedical spectroscopy is a multidisciplinary research field involving spectroscopic tools for applications in the field of biomedical science. Vibrational spectroscopy such as Raman or infrared spectroscopy[1] is used to determine the chemical composition of a material based on detection of vibrational modes of constituent molecules. Some spectroscopic methods are routinely used in clinical settings for diagnosis of disease; an example is Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic imaging is a form of chemical imaging for which the contrast is provided by composition of the material.

In free-space optical communication links, atmospheric turbulence causes variations in both the strength and the phase of the received light signal, ruining link presentation. The numerous communication techniques to alleviate turbulence-induced intensity fluctuations, i.e., signal fading..

  • Laser filaments generated and transmitted in highly turbulent air
  • Backward super continuum emission from a filament generated by ultra short laser pulses in air
  • Control of multiple Fila mentation in air
  • White-light filaments for multi parameter analysis of cloud microphysics
  • Annular Core Photonic Lantern Spatial Mode Multiplexer