Sessions

May 04-05, 2020    Vienna, Austria

European Summit on Pharmacology and Toxicology

Sessions

Pharmacology is the study of drug safety and action of a medication in biological system , how drugs interact with other molecules in the body and how they affect the body. Pharmacological study mainly deals with two smaller pieces: Pharmacokinetics {describe the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of a compound} and Pharmacodynamics{how drugs have effects on the body=Drug Power on biological structure (eg enzyme, transporter, receptor }.

Toxicology is branch of science deals with the nature, effects, and detection of Poisonous drug compounds, concerned with analysis of potential toxins and Measurement particular drugs which means study of adverse chemical reactions by drug substances on living organisms. Toxicology is a kind of discipline in drug administration that overlapping with pharmacology, chemistry, biology and medicine which involves the practice of diagnosing and treating exposures to toxins and toxicants

Pharmacogenetics -generally refers to how variation in single individual one gene influences the response to a single drug. Individual Gene – drug interactions Pharmacogenomics is a study of how all of the genome (the genes) can influence responses to drugs and their response for example toxicity and efficacy

Natural foods or synthetic chemical compounds (or) drugs occurring in the environment which causes toxic effects in animals or humans. Food and toxicology currently trending in the areas which include safety evaluation of novel foods and bio-technologically and inter-relationships between nutrition and toxicology

Neuropharmacology - how drug molecular structures affect cellular function in the nervous system of brain and spinal cord and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavior. Psychopharmacology is complex field of continuous study deals with the use of medications in treating mental disorders in order to keep current with new advances Psychotropic medication = drugs which are used for treatment of patients by psychopharmacologist should go through the check points What the body does to medication, pharmacokinetics What the medications do to the body, pharmacodynamics How long the medication stays in the body, Half-life How available the medication is to the body, Protein binding How medications affect one another, Drug-to-drug interactions Genes which vary widely from person to person, Polymorphic genes

Cardiovascular Pharmacology deals with the cardiovascular agents or drug medication that effect on the circulatory system (blood vessels) of heart for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Substantial advances have been made in cardiovascular pharmacology and in the pathophysiology of the major diseases dealing with heart failure, hypertension, and coronary artery disease; the methods of diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases and of evaluating the efficacy of pharmacologic therapy have progressed also

Ethnopharmacology mainly deals with Ethnomedicine (traditional medicine) which is scientific study or comparison of the traditional medicine based on bioactive compounds in plants , animals and practiced by various of ethnic groups and their use of drugs. It is certainly linked to plant use, ethnobotany, as main delivery of pharmaceuticals

Nursing pharmacology Introduction to Pharmacology for Nursing Students. Pharmacology is the science of study that deals with the drugs and their interaction with the living systems.

Biochemical pharmacology(biochemical mechanisms responsible for the actions of drugs) deals with biochemical mechanisms responsible for the actions of drugs mainly concerned with the effects of drug molecules on biochemical pathways underlying the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics processes and the subsequent therapeutic and the toxicological processes. It uses the different methods of biochemistry, biophysics, cell biology, molecular biology, structural biology, and cell physiology to define the mechanisms of drug action and how drugs influence the organism by studies on unflawed animals, organs, cells, sub cellular compartments and individual protein molecules.

Systemic ocular medications have poor absorption to the eye and therefore require high doses, which can cause many adverse effects. So to prevent this kind of problems in patients who are suffering with eye irrigation, some kind of eye infections... etc., this ocular pharmacology is very helpful which is mainly deals with how drugs work in or on eye and how the body processes a drug to elicit it's effects, how a drug is absorbed which include different types of drug delivery in the eye (topical, periocular, intraocular, systemic), how it is changed or metabolized & how it is leaves the body (excreted).

Environmental toxicology is a multidisciplinary field of science which is mainly concerned with study of the harmful effects of various physical agents, chemical agents and biological products on living organisms. Toxins like carcinogens ex: Vinyl chloride from PVC and endocrine disruptors, both human-made and naturally occurring that can harm health by disrupting sensitive human biological systems.

Genotoxicity describes the property of chemical agents that damages the genetic info at intervals a cell inflicting mutations, which can cause cancer. While genotoxicity is commonly confused with mutagenicity, all mutagens square measure genotoxic, whereas not all genotoxic substances square measure agent. The alteration will have a tendency to cause direct or indirect effects on the DNA i.e. ... mistimed event activation, the induction of mutations and direct deoxyribonucleic acid injury resulting in mutations. The permanent, ancestral changes will have an effect on either corporeal cells of the organism or germ cells to be passed on to future generations. Cells stop expression of the genotoxic mutation by either deoxyribonucleic acid repair or apoptosis; but, the injury might not perpetually be mounted resulting incause Pathology is the medical specialty concerned with the study of the nature and causes of diseases. It deals with the diagnosis and management of disease by use of every component of laboratory medicine and every diagnostic technique, including examination of the patient

Pharmacological testing: The pharmaceutical market been a lot of more affected through laws and rules however has shown continuous growth because the diagnosing and understanding of diseases and condition has evolved and improved. BCC analysis report’s cowl the newest pharmaceutical market and supply in-depth marketing research, forecasts, trends, patent analysis, and profiles of major players among the markets. Comprehensive analysis of clinical studies for biopharmaceuticals, hindrance and treatment of bound cancers, coagulants and non-coagulants square measure all among the vary of pharmaceutical markets coated in BCC analysis reports. Drug devices, instrumentation and inhibitors are some of the many other areas covered Advances in stress test Advances in nuclear stress test Advances in pharmacological testing Safety pharmacology Stem cells: an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism which is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation. Transplanted brain stem cells survive without anti-rejection drugs in mice By exploiting a feature of the immune system, researchers open the door for stem cell transplants to repair the brain In experiments in mice, researchers say they have developed a way to successfully transplant certain protective brain cells without the need for lifelong anti-rejection drugs.

Pharmacoepidemiology is that the study of the uses and effects of medicine in well-defined populations. To accomplish this study, pharmacoepidemiology borrows from each medicine and medicine. Thus, pharmacoepidemiology is that the bridge between each medicine and medicine. Pharmacoeconomics chiefly deals with the branch of political economy that uses cost-of-illness, cost-effectiveness, cost-benefit, cost-minimization and cost-utility analyses to match pharmaceutical product and treatment methods

Advances in pharmacological research:Liposomes and nanoparticles: Nanoscale drug delivery systems using liposomes and nanoparticles are rising technologies for the rational delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs in the treatment various ailments. Nanoparticles present possible dangers, both medically and environmentally. The pharmaceutical business is directly impacted by the analysis conducted with prescription drugs, vaccines, and over-the-counter medication being factory-made supported findings from the study of life sciences. Clinical trials are conducted to ensure that products being developed are tested on how well they work on individuals affected by the diseases or conditions they are created to treat. Liposomes and nanoparticles: Nanosized vehicles for drug delivery Epigenetic mechanisms of importance for drug treatment Pharmacometrics Techniques: the applying of accelerator mass spectroscopic analysis to medical specialty and pharmacology

Molecular pharmacological medicine principally deals with application of innovative structural, organic chemistry, biophysics, biology, physiology, genetic science and biological science to basic medical specialty difficulties that give mechanistic insights that area unit generally very important for the fields of pharmacology and toxicology. Trending topics: Molecular Signaling (Molecular cloning of drug targets)/ Mechanism of Drug Action Chemical Biology / Drug Discovery Structure of Drug-Receptor Complex (Structure-guided drug design) Systems Analysis of Drug Action Drug Transport / Metabolism

The potential requisition of biochips, bioreactors, Nano sensors, immune nanoparticles, neural stem cells,, biodegradable polymers, and convection-enhanced drug delivery in the diagnostics and treatment of diseases Future Nano medicine developments in chemotherapeutic i.e. advanced drug delivery systems and targeted Nano therapy Novel medicinal forms: Polymeric nanoparticles, nanotubes, micelles, liposomes, dendrites, fullerenes, and hydrogels

Treating Advanced Cancer Once cancer has unfolded to the bones or to alternative elements of the body it's seldom ready to be cured. Still, it often can be treated to shrink, stop, or slow its growth. Even if accrue is no longer possible, treating the cancer may be able to help you live longer and feel better Surgery for advanced cancer Surgery to relieve symptoms and improve your life, treat cancer that’s pressing on the spinal cord, stop bleeding, stop pain, prevent or treat broken bones

Special Surgical Techniques include abdominal wall and hernia surgery, bariatric surgery, colorectal surgery, endocrine surgery, hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, perioperative care, skin and soft tissue surgery, vascular and endovascular surgery, laser surgery. An optical maser may be an extremely targeted and powerful beam of sunshine energy which might be used for terribly precise surgical work. ... • Cryosurgery • Electrosurgery • Radiofrequency ablation • Mohs surgery • Laparoscopic surgery • Thoracoscopic surgery • Robotic surgery Cosmetic psychopharmacology : Refers to the use of drugs to move persons from a normal psychological state to another normal state that is more desired or better socially rewarded. The comparison is with surgery in which the same intervention can be therapeutic (as for reparative work on burn victims) or cosmetic (as in rhinoplasty for the enhancement of beauty in conventional terms). In general, cosmetic psychopharmacology refers to the use of psychoactive medications by normal healthy individuals, for the purpose of enhancement rather than treatment of a formal pathology.

Cognitivetherapy defines as a time-sensitive, organised, current oriented psychotherapy focussed towards solving present problems and teaching clients skills to alter dysfunctional thinking and behaviour. It focuses on present thinking, behaviour, and communication rather than on past experiences and is oriented towards problem solving. Anxiety and Depression Obsessive compulsive disorder Panic disorder & Phobias Post-traumatic stress disorder