A biofuel is a fuel that is created through contemporary biological progressions, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of relic fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from primeval biological matter.
Biofuels may be marketed as good, renewable, sustainable or next generation, partly for promotional purposes. Often the term is applied to biofuels produced from lignocellulose (LC) or cellulosic biomass. Aviation biofuel is a biofuel used for aircraft. That considered by some to be the primary means by which the aviation industry can reduce its carbon footprint.
Biodiesel - Algae fuel, algal biofuel, or algal oil is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Also, Algae fuels remain an alternative to commonly known Biofuel sources, such as corn and sugarcane. .. This is less than 1⁄7 the area of corn harvested in the United States in 2000.Converting Algae to Fuels. The period “Algae” refers to a great diversity of organisms—from microscopic cyanobacteria to giant kelp—which convert sunlight into energy using photosynthesis, like plants.
Bioethanol, or Bioethanol is the most widely used liquid biofuel. This is alcohol and is fermented from sugars, starches or from cellulosic biomass. Maximum commercial production of ethanol is from sugar cane or sugar beet, as starches and cellulosic biomass usually require expensive pretreatment.
Biodiesel is an different fuel similar to conventional or 'fossil' diesel. Biodiesel can be produced from straight vegetable oil, animal oil or fats, tallow and waste cooking oil. The process used to convert these oils to Biodiesel is called trans esterification. Biodiesel has reduced exhaust emissions related to petroleum diesel fuel.
Bioenergy is Green energy created from natural, biological sources. These sources can be any form of organic matter that stores sunshine as chemical energy. Numerous natural sources, such as plants, animals, and their byproducts, can be valuable resources. Modern knowledge even makes landfills or waste zones potential Bioenergy resources.
The Biogas is a type of Biofuel that is naturally produced from the decomposition of organic waste. When organic matter, such as food scraps and animal waste, break down in an anaerobic environment (an environment absent of oxygen) they release a blend of gases, primarily methane and carbon dioxide.
Biohydrogen is an example of an advanced biofuel ( third generation biofuel). In advanced biofuel technologies, microbes are developed in special bioreactors and provided with the energy and nutrients that they need including, sunlight, waste organic material, CO2 from the air or from conventional gas plants.`
Biomass can be changed to other usable forms of energy like methane gas or transportation fuels like ethanol and biodiesel. Rotting garbage, and agricultural and human waste, all release methane gas, also called landfill gas or biogas.In the context of producing bioenergy, it typically refers to agricultural byproducts and residues, woody waste products, and crops and microbes grown specifically for petroleum.
Bioenergy (Biofuels and Biomass) Biomass can be used to produce renewable electricity, thermal energy, or transportation fuels (biofuels). Biomass is defined as living or recently dead viruses and any byproducts of those organisms, plant or animal.
Biomass Technologies. A wide range of technologies have been developed to use the biomass resource. These vary from direct combustion in burner systems, to the production of more advanced biofuels, such as pyrolysis, through a variety of processing techniques. Technologies. There are many different types of biomass residues, wastes andenergy crops available worldwide.
Biorefinery is a facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce petroleum, power, heat, and value-added chemicals from biomass. The Biorefinery concept is analogous to today's petroleum refinery, which produce multiple fuels and products from fuel.
Food versus fuel debate is the dilemma regarding the risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the detriment of the food supply. The biofuel and food value debate involves wide-ranging views, and is a long-standing, controversial one in the literature.
Biofuel is a petroleum that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil gases, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat., more than half of all new electricity volume installed was renewable.
Energy and environment deals with the technological and scientific aspects of energy and environment questions including energy protection, and the interaction of energy forms and systems with the physical environment, are enclosed, including the relationship of such questions to wider economic and socio-political issues. Environmental engineers work to increase recycling, waste disposal, public health, and water and air pollution control.
“Bioremediation is a waste management technique that involves the use of organisms to eliminate or neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site.” According to the EPA, Bioremediation is a “treatment that uses naturally occurring organisms to break down risky substances into less toxic or non toxic substances.”
Energy recycling is the recovery of energy that would normally be wasted in industrial processes by flaring, exhausting to the atmosphere or operating low efficiency equipment, and converting it into electricity or thermal energy (steam).
Some ways in which Environment sustainable energy has been defined are: "Effectively, the provision of energy such that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. ... Environment Sustainable Energy has two key components: renewable energy and energy efficiency."
Applicants are welcomed to submit abstracts relevant to the following theme/ topics or to combinations of them. All topics can be related to policy, market and technical issues as well.
Biopower is literally having power over bodies; it is "an explosion of numerous and diverse techniques for achieving the subjugation of bodies and the control of populations".Biopower system technologies include direct-firing, cofiring, gasification, and pyrolysis.