Sessions

Sessions

A biofuel is a fuel that is created through contemporary biological progressions, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of relic fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from primeval biological matter.

  • Advanced Biofuels
  • Bio alcohols and Bioethanol
  • Bio char
  • Bio hydrogen
  • Bio refineries
  • Biofuels in Transport and Renewable Heat
  • Biofuels in Air Transport

Biofuels may be marketed as good, renewable, sustainable or next generation, partly for promotional purposes. Often the term is applied to biofuels produced from lignocellulose (LC) or cellulosic biomass. Aviation biofuel is a biofuel used for aircraft. That considered by some to be the primary means by which the aviation industry can reduce its carbon footprint.

  • Conversion Technologies (Pyrolysis, Gasification, Biological Conversion)
  • Sustainable Feedstock Development
  • Agriculture Biomass and Energy Production
  • Biomass and Electricity
  • Industrial waste biomass
  • Developing new sources for aviation biofuels
  • Commercialization of aviation biofuels
  • Applications of aviation biofuels
  • Biobased jet fuel
  • Cost reduction policies
  • Large scale biogas production & challenges

Biodiesel - Algae fuel, algal biofuel, or algal oil is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Also, Algae fuels remain an alternative to commonly known Biofuel sources, such as corn and sugarcane. .. This is less than 1⁄7 the area of corn harvested in the United States in 2000.Converting Algae to Fuels. The period “Algae” refers to a great diversity of organisms—from microscopic cyanobacteria to giant kelp—which convert sunlight into energy using photosynthesis, like plants.

  • Harvesting and oil extraction system
  • Cyanobacterial biofuels production
  • Commercialization of algae biofuels
  • Wastewater based algae biofuels production
  • Algal bio sequestration
  • Biofuels from microalgae

Bioethanol, or Bioethanol is the most widely used liquid biofuel. This is alcohol and is fermented from sugars, starches or from cellulosic biomass. Maximum commercial production of ethanol is from sugar cane or sugar beet, as starches and cellulosic biomass usually require expensive pretreatment.

  • Bioethanol production
  • Bioalcohols from algae
  • Bioalcohols as automobile fuel
  • Bioalcohals from plant matter
  • Generations of bioalcohols & scope of advancement
  • Scale up on industrial level
  • Culturing algae

Biodiesel is an different fuel similar to conventional or 'fossil' diesel. Biodiesel can be produced from straight vegetable oil, animal oil or fats, tallow and waste cooking oil. The process used to convert these oils to Biodiesel is called trans esterification. Biodiesel has reduced exhaust emissions related to petroleum diesel fuel.

  • Crops for biodiesel production
  • Biodiesel production from municipal waste
  • Biodiesel as automobile fuel
  • Cost effective techniques for biodiesel production
  • Enzymatic biodiesel production
  • Biodiesel production on industry level and scale up
  • Biodiesel Production
  • Biodiesel feedstocks
  • Efficiency and economic arguments
  • Biodiesel to hydrogen-cell power
  • Impact of biodiesel on pollutant emissions and public health

Bioenergy is Green energy created from natural, biological sources. These sources can be any form of organic matter that stores sunshine as chemical energy. Numerous natural sources, such as plants, animals, and their byproducts, can be valuable resources. Modern knowledge even makes landfills or waste zones potential Bioenergy resources.

  • Bioenergy crop-Panicum virgatum
  • Bioenergy cropping systems
  • Bioenergy crops and algae
  • Innovations in renewable materials
  • Biocatalysis and bioenergy
  • Quantitative assessment of bioenergy
  • Bioenergy feedstock
  • Stump harvesting for bioenergy
  • Bioenergy Conversion
  • Development of bioenergy technology
  • Life cycle assessment of bioenergy system

The Biogas is a type of Biofuel that is naturally produced from the decomposition of organic waste. When organic matter, such as food scraps and animal waste, break down in an anaerobic environment (an environment absent of oxygen) they release a blend of gases, primarily methane and carbon dioxide.

  • Biogas from agriculture waste
  • Biogas from algae
  • New & possible substrates for biogas production
  • Biogas technologies
  • Anaerobic packed-bed biogas reactors
  • Biogas production

Biohydrogen is an example of an advanced biofuel ( third generation biofuel). In advanced biofuel technologies, microbes are developed in special bioreactors and provided with the energy and nutrients that they need including, sunlight, waste organic material, CO2 from the air or from conventional gas plants.`

  • Algal biohydrogen
  • Bacterial biohydrogen
  • Fermentative biohydrogen production
  • High-yield biohydrogen production
  • Enhancing biohydrogen production
  • Biohydrogen purification

Biomass can be changed to other usable forms of energy like methane gas or transportation fuels like ethanol and biodiesel. Rotting garbage, and agricultural and human waste, all release methane gas, also called landfill gas or biogas.In the context of producing bioenergy, it typically refers to agricultural byproducts and residues, woody waste products, and crops and microbes grown specifically for petroleum.

  • Conversion technologies
  • Perennial biomass feedstocks
  • Integrated biomass technologies

Bioenergy (Biofuels and Biomass) Biomass can be used to produce renewable electricity, thermal energy, or transportation fuels (biofuels). Biomass is defined as living or recently dead viruses and any byproducts of those organisms, plant or animal.

  • Biomass Resources for Bioenergy
  • Agriculture residues
  • Forestry materials
  • Energy crops

Biomass Technologies. A wide range of technologies have been developed to use the biomass resource. These vary from direct combustion in burner systems, to the production of more advanced biofuels, such as pyrolysis, through a variety of processing techniques. Technologies. There are many different types of biomass residues, wastes andenergy crops available worldwide.

  • Latest conversion Technologies in Biomass
  • Trending Research from Biomass
  • Cellulosic Ethanol from Biomass

Biorefinery is a facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce petroleum, power, heat, and value-added chemicals from biomass. The Biorefinery concept is analogous to today's petroleum refinery, which produce multiple fuels and products from fuel.

  • Types of biorefineries
  • Biorefining systems
  • Biorefining scheme from algal and bacterial protein sources
  • Integrated biorefinery
  • Risk management issues
  • Bio oil production
  • Lignocellulosic material in biorefinery
  • Valorization of Biorefinery
  • Biowaste biorefinery
  • Chemical conversion in biorefinery
  • Principles of biorefineries

Food versus fuel debate is the dilemma regarding the risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the detriment of the food supply. The biofuel and food value debate involves wide-ranging views, and is a long-standing, controversial one in the literature.

  • Biofuels impact on food security
  • Nonfood crops for biofuels production
  • Agricultural modernization and its impact on society and environment
  • Food, fuel and freeways

Biofuel is a petroleum that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil gases, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.

  • Production of Biofuels from Biomass
  • Production of Biodiesel from Biomass
  • Production of Biochemicals from Biomass
  • Production of Biogas from Biomass
  • Energy balance of biofuel production
  • Advances in biofuel production

Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat., more than half of all new electricity volume installed was renewable.

  • Solar Energy
  • Wind Energy
  • Energy-from-waste
  • Renewable chemicals
  • Sustainable Energy Technology

Energy and environment deals with the technological and scientific aspects of energy and environment questions including energy protection, and the interaction of energy forms and systems with the physical environment, are enclosed, including the relationship of such questions to wider economic and socio-political issues. Environmental engineers work to increase recycling, waste disposal, public health, and water and air pollution control.

  • biofuels companies and market analysis
  • Environmental education and green building
  • Ecological agriculture

“Bioremediation is a waste management technique that involves the use of organisms to eliminate or neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site.” According to the EPA, Bioremediation is a “treatment that uses naturally occurring organisms to break down risky substances into less toxic or non toxic substances.”

  • In-situ bioremediation
  • Ex-situ bioremediation
  • Phytoremediation
  • Biodegradation
  • Mycoremediation

Energy recycling is the recovery of energy that would normally be wasted in industrial processes by flaring, exhausting to the atmosphere or operating low efficiency equipment, and converting it into electricity or thermal energy (steam).

  • Waste recycling and recovery methods
  • Lignocellulosic Biomass
  • Green replacement fuels in flights

Some ways in which Environment sustainable energy has been defined are: "Effectively, the provision of energy such that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. ... Environment Sustainable Energy has two key components: renewable energy and energy efficiency."

  • Environmental sustainability and systems approach
  • Sustainable energy research
  • Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage
  • Enabling technologies for renewable energy

Applicants are welcomed to submit abstracts relevant to the following theme/ topics or to combinations of them. All topics can be related to policy, market and technical issues as well.

  • Thermochemical Routes
  • Syngas from Biomass
  • Second generation biofuels
  • Microbial pathways for advanced biofuels production
  • Synthesis of advanced biofuels
  • Advanced biofuels from pyrolysis oil
  • Jet biofuel
  • Synthesis of aviation biofuel via Fischer-Tropsch process
  • Risk analysis of aviation fuels

Biopower is literally having power over bodies; it is "an explosion of numerous and diverse techniques for achieving the subjugation of bodies and the control of populations".Biopower system technologies include direct-firing, cofiring, gasification, and pyrolysis.

  • Combined heat and power (CHP)
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Green Electricity
  • Thermal energy storage