Track 1 - Carbon nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are tubular objects made of cylindrically organised carbon atoms. They can be many millimetres long and have dimensions as small as a few nanometers to a few tens of nanometers.
High tensile strength, high thermal and electrical conductivity, and a sizable surface area are just a few of the outstanding characteristics of CNTs. These characteristics make them appealing for a variety of applications, including materials research, electronics, and energy storage.
Track 2 - Nanoenergy
Nanomaterials have been explored for various energy applications due to their unique properties, such as high surface area, high reactivity, and ability to be engineered at the nanoscale. Some examples of nanomaterials for energy applications are Solar cells, Batteries, Fuel cells, Hydrogen production.
Subtopics related to Nanoenergy include : Nanogenerators, Nanobatteries, Nanoscale solar cells, Nanopiezoelectric materials.
Track 3 - Nanodevices
Nanodevices are extremely small machines with numerous potential uses in fields ranging from electronics to medicine. Because they can work at the molecular and atomic level, more accuracy and control are possible. Nanotechnology has the power to transform whole sectors and elevate the standard of living for people everywhere.
Track 4 - Nanomechanics
The field of nanomechanics investigates the mechanical properties of materials at the nanoscale, which typically spans a few nanometers to a few hundred nanometers. It entails analysing a material's deformation, fracture, and fatigue properties under various loading scenarios. It can be used to create new materials, mechanical systems, and nanoscale devices.
Track 5 - Nanomodeling
Computational modeling of nanomaterials involves using computer simulations and theoretical models to study the properties and behavior of nanomaterials at the atomic and molecular level. This field has become increasingly important in recent years, as the design and development of new nanomaterials often require a deep understanding of their properties and behavior at the nanoscale. Structure prediction, Property prediction, Simulation of nanoscale phenomena, Design of nanomaterials,Investigation of complex systems are some examples of how computational modeling is used in nanomaterials research.
Track 6 - Nanosafety
As nanomaterials have unique properties and behavior compared to bulk materials, their potential toxicity and safety must be carefully evaluated before their widespread use in various applications. Nanotoxicology is the study of the toxic effects of nanomaterials on living organisms, including humans, animals, and the environment. Toxicity assessment, Mechanisms of toxicity, Risk assessment are some key areas of research in nanotoxicology and safety of nanomaterials.
Track 7 - Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics
Nanoelectronics is the study and application of electronic devices and circuits that operate at the nanoscale. Optoelectronics, on the other hand, is the study and application of electronic devices that can convert light into electrical signals and vice versa.
Some of the current research topics in nanoelectronics and optoelectronics include:
Track 8 - Nanocomposites
Advanced nanomaterials and composites are an exciting area of research that focuses on developing new materials with unique properties and functions by combining nanomaterials with other materials, such as polymers, metals, and ceramics. These materials have potential applications in various fields, including aerospace, automotive, electronics, and energy.
Materials called nanocomposites are formed of two or more parts, at least one of which has a nanoscale dimension. The nanoscale component, which can take the form of a nanoparticle, nanofiber, or nanotube, is frequently spread throughout a bulk material to improve its qualities, such as strength, stiffness, and conductivity. Automotive, aerospace, biotechnology, and energy are just a few of the industries where nanocomposites are used.
Polymer nanocomposites, Metal matrix composites, Ceramic nanocomposites, Hybrid nanocomposites, Self-healing nanocomposites are some examples of advanced nanomaterials and composites.
Track 9 - Nanocatalysis
Nanomaterials have shown great potential in the fields of catalysis and sensing due to their unique properties, including high surface area, enhanced reactivity, and selectivity. Here are some examples of how nanomaterials are being used for catalysis and sensing - Catalysis, Gas sensing, Biosensing, Photocatalysis.
Nanomaterials have shown great potential for use in catalysis and sensors due to their unique physical and chemical properties. Catalysis, Sensors, Environmental Applications, Medical Applications, Energy Applications are some subtopics related to the use of nanomaterials for catalysis and sensors.
Track 10 - Nanofabrication
Nanofabrication refers to the process of creating objects with dimensions on the nanoscale scale. It is the process of assembling discrete atoms and molecules into functional structures for use in a variety of fields, such as materials science, electronics, and medicine.
Nanofabrication is the process of creating nanoscale structures using techniques such as lithography, etching, and deposition. Lithography uses a patterned mask to selectively remove or add material to a substrate, whereas etching uses a chemical or physical process to selectively remove material from a substrate. Physical vapour deposition (PVD) and chemical vapour deposition (CVD) are deposition techniques that involve the deposition of material onto a substrate to create thin films or nanostructures.
Track 11 - Nanomanufacturing
Nanomanufacturing involves the production of functional nanoscale devices and systems using nanofabrication techniques. This can include the assembly of individual components into larger systems or the creation of self-assembled structures that can perform a specific function. Nanomanufacturing techniques can involve the use of top-down approaches, where larger structures are broken down into smaller components, or bottom-up approaches, where smaller components are assembled into larger structures.
Track 12 - Nanophotonics
Nanophotonics, sometimes known as nano-optics, is a branch of nanotechnology that studies how light behaves at nanoscale scales as well as how nanometer-sized objects interact with light.
Nanoantennas, waveguides, and photonic crystals are a few examples of nanophotonics. Many nanophotonic devices are composed of dielectric or metallic structures, with the device's structure intended to encourage the desired light-matter interactions.
Another area of nanophotonics research is the creation of plasmonic materials and devices capable of manipulating light via surface plasmons—collective oscillations of electrons at the surface of a metal. Plasmonic materials have distinct optical properties that enable enhanced light-matter interactions and can be used in a variety of applications, such as sensing, imaging, and energy conversion.
Track 13 - Nanobiotechnology
Nanobiotechnology and nanobiomedicine are two fields of study that involve the application of nanotechnology in biology, medicine, and healthcare.
Biomolecule-nanoparticle interactions, Biosensors, Nano-electronics, Subtopics related to Nanobiomedicine, Drug delivery, Imaging, Tissue engineering, Nanotoxicology. An open-access, peer-reviewed magazine called Advances in NanoBioTechnology (ANBT) publishes research papers on developments in molecular biology, nanoscale sciences, and medicine.
Track 14 - Nanofluids
Nanofluids play an important role in a variety of thermal applications such as automotive industries, heat exchangers, solar power generation, and so on. Heat transfer augmentation in solar collectors is one of the most important issues in energy savings, compact designs, and different operational temperatures.
Nanoenergy and Nanofluids are two distinct but related fields of study in nanotechnology. Nanoenergy refers to the generation, storage, and utilization of energy at the nanoscale level, while nanofluids involve the use of nanoparticles in heat transfer fluids to enhance their thermal properties.
Track 15 - Nanomedicine
Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology in medicine to diagnose, treat, and prevent diseases. It involves the use of nanoscale materials, devices, and systems to enhance drug delivery, imaging, and therapy. Nanomedicine has the potential to improve treatment outcomes, reduce side effects, and develop personalised medicine.
Nanomedicines are divided into two categories: inorganic nanoparticles such as gold, silica, and iron oxide, and organic nanoparticles such as polymers, liposomes, and micelles. Nanotechnology may one day enable us to receive tailored therapeutic treatments. Nanomedicines that have recently been developed include multi-component systems known as theranostics, which can include both therapeutic and diagnostic molecules.
Track 16 - Nanoscale Imaging and Microscopy
Nanoscale imaging and microscopy are two related fields of study that involve the use of various techniques to visualize and analyze objects at the nanoscale level. Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Super-resolution Microscopy, Single-molecule microscopy, Nanosensors and nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) are technologies related to Nanoscale Imaging and Microscopy.
Track 17 - Nanoeducation
Nanomaterials can also be used in education to enhance the learning experience and promote understanding of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) concepts. Here are some examples:
Track 18 - Nanodefense
Nanomaterials are used in a variety of defense-related fields, such as the creation of light-weight, high-strength materials for protective gear, cutting-edge sensors for danger detection, and nanocarriers for precise medicine delivery to soldiers. The creation of more effective and long-lasting energy sources for military operations is another use for nanotechnology-enabled materials and equipment.
Track 19 - Polymer Nanotechnology and Quantum Nanotechnology
The study and use of nanoscale polymer materials, structures, and devices are referred to as polymer nanotechnology. In order to produce materials with improved qualities such as strength, flexibility, and conductivity, polymers, which are big molecules made up of repeating subunits, are used. Applications for polymer nanotechnology can be found in industries like electronics, health, and energy.
New materials, systems, and gadgets with unheard-of qualities and functionality are being developed because of the growing subject of quantum nanotechnology, which merges quantum mechanics and nanotechnology. It entails the manipulation and control of nanoscale objects and processes using quantum phenomena like entanglement and coherence, with the goal of creating quantum-enabled technologies.
Track 20 - Nanoinnovations
The term "nanoinnovation" refers to the creation and implementation of nanotechnology-based solutions to tackle challenging issues across a range of industries, including electronics, medical, energy, and materials science. In order to develop novel systems, processes, and products with improved functionality and performance, nanoscale materials and technologies are used.
Superior household products made from nano-engineered materials include degreasers and stain removers, environmental sensors, air purifiers, filters, antibacterial cleansers, and specialised paints and sealing products such as self-cleaning house paints that resist dirt and marks.
Track 21 - Nanotransport
Nanotechnology has the potential to revolutionize the transportation industry by enabling the development of more efficient, sustainable, and safe modes of transportation. Lightweight materials, Coatings, Energy storage, Sensors, Self-healing materials are used. Nanomaterials can potentially be used to decrease the amount of gasoline that is consumed by cars or other automotive systems. By improving friction efficiency and improving combustion efficiency, nanomaterials also help us use less gasoline.
Track 22 - Nanoscience and Industrial Nanotechnology
The study of matter and its characteristics at the nanoscale, which is typically between 1 and 100 nanometers, is known as nanoscience. It entails the control and manipulation of substances at the atomic and molecular level to produce new substances, tools, and systems with improved capabilities.
The term "industrial nanotechnology" describes the use of nanotechnology in industrial contexts to enhance procedures, goods, and services. It entails utilising nanoscale components, machinery, and systems to raise productivity, lower expenses, and boost efficiency.
Track 23 - Nanotherapeutics
Nanotherapeutics is the use of nanotechnology to create new therapeutic agents, medication delivery systems, and diagnostic tools. In order to increase the effectiveness and safety of therapeutic interventions, it entails using nanoscale materials and technologies for targeted drug delivery and imaging.
Track 24 - Nanocosmetics
The safety and efficacy of nanoparticles in cosmetics have been extensively researched. While some research suggests that nano particles may be able to penetrate the skin and cause harm, the majority of research indicates that they are safe for use in cosmetics.
To ensure the safety of nanomaterials in cosmetics, regulatory bodies such as the European Union and the United States Food and Drug Administration have established guidelines. Manufacturers are required to conduct rigorous safety testing and provide information on the size, properties, and potential toxicity of the nanoparticles used in their products under these guidelines.
Nanomaterials used in cosmetics are Zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, Silica nanoparticles, Liposomes, Nanoparticles of gold and silver, Carbon nanotubes.
Track 25 - Nanotoxicology
The goal of nanotoxicology is to create safe nanotechnology for a variety of applications by assessing the toxicity, fate, and transport of nanoparticles. The field is interdisciplinary and incorporates knowledge from engineering, biology, chemistry, and physics.
Particle toxicology's subspecialty is nanotoxicology. Nanomaterials appear to have toxicity effects that are unusual and not seen with larger particles, and these smaller particles may pose a greater threat to the human body due to their ability to move with a much greater degree of freedom, whereas the body is designed to attack larger particles rather than nanoscale particles.
Track 26 - Nanomagnetics
The investigation of magnetic events at the nanoscale is known as nanomagnetics. For a variety of uses, including data storage, sensing, and healthcare, it involves the manipulation and control of magnetic materials and their interactions with outside fields.
In order to study and make use of the magnetic properties of nanoscale materials, nanomagnetics uses specialised methods, including spintronics, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and magnetic particle imaging (MPI).
Nanomagnets are also used in biomedicine for such applications as magnetic hyperthermia, and targeted drug delivery. MRI is a non-invasive imaging technology that generates three-dimensional anatomical images.
Track 27 - Nanorobotics
Nanorobotics is the study and design of machines or robots at the nanoscale, typically between 0.1 and 10 micrometers in size. It entails the control and manipulation of matter at the molecular or atomic level to produce nanoscale robots or machines that can carry out particular tasks, such as the delivery of drugs or the assembly of nanoscale components. Several industries, including health, electronics, and materials science, use nanorobotics.