Scientific program

May 18-19, 2023    Rome, Italy
3rd International Conference on

Green Energy and Environment

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Keynote Forum

Mateo Gasparovic
11:00 AM-11:25 AM 1

Mateo Gasparovic

University of Zagreb Crotia

Title: Advanced remote sensing methods for environmental development monitoring

Abstract:

This research presents advanced remote sensing methods and techniques for monitoring and analysis of environmental development. The research deals with novel state-of-the-art technology for spatial data collection based on satellite imagery as well as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Preprocessing, classification of satellite and aerial imageries, as well as methods for the land-cover mapping, environmental monitoring, and environment development analysis will be shown and explained in real cases. Furthermore, some methods (and measures) for the accuracy assessment of the land-cover classification and remotely sensed measured and collected values will be discussed. The entire process of environmental development monitoring will be shown on real case studies. All newly developed and presented methodology was based on the open-source software and tested on the open-source data. Therefore, presented procedures can be easily used, free of charge, in the environmental development monitoring and analysis of various applications and areas around the world.

Biography:

Professor Mateo Gasparovic, Ph.D. is the head of the chair of photogrammetry and remote sensing of the faculty of geodesy, University of Zagreb. As a scientist, Prof. Gasparovic actively works on the development and application of advanced remote sensing and photogrammetry methods in environmental science, geoinformation system, documentation of cultural heritage and the development of UAVs. 

Sulaiman Al Yahyaa
11:30 AM-11:45 AM 1

Sulaiman Al Yahyaa

Qassim University Saudi Arabia

Title: Impact of renewable energy on environments

Abstract:

Date palm trees, being an important source of nutrition, are grown at a large scale in Saudi Arabia. The biomass waste of date palm discarded in a ungreen manner at present, can be used for biofuel generation through fast pyrolysis technique. This technique is considered viable for thermochemical conversion of solid biomass into biofuels in terms of initial investment, production cost, operation cost as well as power consumption and thermal application cost. In this study, a techno economic analysis has been performed to assess the feasibility of converting date palm waste into bio-oil, char and burnable gases by defining the optimum reactor design and thermal profile. The results from the previous studies concluded that at an optimum temperature of 525oC, the maximum bio-oil, char and gases obtained from pyrolysis of date palm waste contributed 38.8, 37.2 and 24% of the used feed stock material (on weight basis) respectively, while fluidized bed reactor exhibited high suitability for fast pyrolysis. Based on the pyrolysis product percentage, the economic analysis estimated the net saving of US$ 556.8 per ton of the date palm waste processed in the pyrolysis unit. It was further estimated that Saudi Arabia can earn US$ 44.77 million per annum, approximately, if 50% of the total date palm waste is processed through fast pyrolysis with a payback time of 2.57 years. Besides that, this intervention will reduce 3618 tons of greenhouse gas emissions annually, contributing towards a lower carbon footprint.

Biography:

Sulaiman Alyahya is an academic professor by by profession and works with one of the govrnment univerities in Saudi Arabia. He holds a BSc in Agricultural engineering from King Saud University (Saudi Arabia) and MSc and PhD in agricultural engineering from Iowa State University(USA). Sulaiman has 30 years of experience in education, research and administration.  Curently, his main interest is in biomass energy. Sulaiman grew up in one of the agricultural cities of Saudi Arabia

Julio Terrados Cepeda
02:00 PM-02:20 PM 1

Julio Terrados Cepeda

University of Jaen Spain

Title: Photovoltaic array on highway pavement under the dynamic random vehicle shading conditions

Abstract:

 The objective of two-stage SD-MILP is modeled as a convex combination of the expected profit and the T-CVaR hourly risk measure. When day-ahead, intra-day and real-time market prices and fleet mobility are uncertain, the proposed two-stage SD-MILP model yields optimal EV charging/discharging plans for day-ahead, intra-day and real-time markets at per device level. The degradation costs of EV batteries are precisely modeled. To reflect the continuous clearing nature of the intra-day and real-time markets, rolling planning is applied, which allows re-forecasting and re-dispatching. The proposed two-stage SD-MILP is used to derive a bidding curve of an aggregator managing 1000 EVs. Furthermore, the model statistics and computation time are recorded while simulating the developed algorithm with 5000 EVs.

Biography:

Dr. Julio Terrados holds a Ph.D. in Engineering from the University of Jaén (Spain) since 2005, and Master Degrees both in Aeronautical Engineering (Madrid Polytechnics University, 1989) and in Business Administration MBA (IDEOR, 1994). He teaches and researches at University of Jaén since 1994 and serves currently as Tenured Senior Lecturer at Projects Department. He is also an External Professor at the Universidad Internacional de Andalucia and Visiting Professor at Universidad de Cartagena (Colombia). Dr. Terrados main research interests are focused on sustainable energy planning, renewable resources assessment and strategic planning. He has co-authored twenty-five peer-reviewed papers and twenty- two books and chapters. In addition, he has been main researcher or participant in more than twenty research projects funded by public institutions or private companies.

Wojciech Szulc
03:35 PM-04:00 PM 1

Wojciech Szulc

Institute for Ferrous Metallurgy Belgium

Title: Pyrolysed Residual Biomass as a Substitutional Fuel for Iron Ores Sintering Process

Abstract:

The paper presents results of the research on the use of chars produced during pyrolysis of residual biomass as a substitutional fuel in the iron ore sintering process. Such the approach allows to implement circular economy and industrial symbiosis to iron and steel branch. The effect of the substitution of conventional coke breeze fuel used in sintering on final sinter quality and emission was examined. In regard to productivity, fuel consumption and properties of the sinter it was shown, that the share of tested biochars in fuel may be kept at 10 up to 30wt.%, depending on the biochar type. It was observed, that with the use of the biochars, the content of iron oxide in the sinter decreased, what was advantageous. Moreover, the sinter obtained at the presence of biochars characterized with better strength and abrasion than the sinter obtained with coke breeze based fuel improving the final product quality. The presence of biochar influenced on raw exhaust gas composition and resulted in slight increase of organic and inorganic carbon compounds content, while the amount of sulphur oxides was noticeably decreased. It was concluded the biochars may be applied in sintering process at established share in the fuel stream.

Biography:

Wojciech Szulc is research worker and Deputy Financial and Operational Director. Specialist in the field of plastic deformation of metal, business consultancy for steel sector in that in the area of environmental protection. An expert in the field of best available BAT techniques for further metal processing (FMP) – member of TWG for FMP BREF review - JRC EIPPCB in Seville. V-ce President of European Steel Technology Platform ESTEP. Co-author of industry guide on the application of BAT techniques for the metallurgical industry ordered of the Ministry of the Environment.

Marian Niesler
11:45 AM-12:00 AM 1

Marian Niesler

Institute for Ferrous Metallurgy Poland

Title: Pyrolysed Residual Biomass as a Substitutional Fuel for Iron Ores Sintering Process

Abstract:

The paper presents results of the research on the use of chars produced during pyrolysis of residual biomass as a substitutional fuel in the iron ore sintering process. Such the approach allows to implement circular economy and industrial symbiosis to iron and steel branch. The effect of the substitution of conventional coke breeze fuel used in sintering on final sinter quality and emission was examined. In regard to productivity, fuel consumption and properties of the sinter it was shown, that the share of tested biochars in fuel may be kept at 10 up to 30wt.%, depending on the biochar type. It was observed, that with the use of the biochars, the content of iron oxide in the sinter decreased, what was advantageous. Moreover, the sinter obtained at the presence of biochars characterized with better strength and abrasion than the sinter obtained with coke breeze based fuel improving the final product quality. The presence of biochar influenced on raw exhaust gas composition and resulted in slight increase of organic and inorganic carbon compounds content, while the amount of sulphur oxides was noticeably decreased. It was concluded the biochars may be applied in sintering process at established share in the fuel stream.

Biography:

Marian Niesler is research worker, associate professor, Head of the Department of Primary Processes. Specialist in the field of blast furnace process, iron ore sintering, environmental protection and implementation of new fuels and reducing agents in metallurgical processes. An expert in the field of best available BAT techniques for steel iron production. Four industry guides on the application of BAT techniques for the metallurgical industry and administration were created under the order of the Ministry of the Environment.

Speakers

Cristina Saez Blazquez
09:40 AM-10:10 AM

Cristina Saez Blazquez

University of Salamanca Spain

Title: Research on power optimization strategies of photovoltaic array on highway pavement under the dynamic random vehicle shading conditions

Biography:

Cristina Saez Blazquez is technical mining engineer (2012) from the University of Salamanca, obtaining an extraordinary prize in this degree. She also has a Degree in Mining and Energy (2014, University of Salamanca), and completed a MS Degree in Laboral Risks in 2013 at the “Camilo José Cela” University and a Mining and Energy MS Degree at the University of León (2018). In 2019, she obtained her PhD with international mention in shallow geothermal resources at the University of Salamanca. During her predoctoral formation, she was awarded by a predoctoral grant from the Spanish Ministry that allowed her being professor at the Higher Polytechnic School of Ávila (University of Salamanca). Additionally, she was a visiting researcher at the University of Vigo (2016), the Polytechnic University of Turin (2017) and the University of Padua (2018). She is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the TIDOP Research Group from the University of Salamanca. She is author of several papers and conference contributions related to the optimization of low enthalpy geothermal systems.

Mingxuan Mao
12:00 PM-12:20 PM 1

Mingxuan Mao

Chongqing University Chongqing University

Title: Research on power optimization strategies of photovoltaic array on highway pavement under the dynamic random vehicle shading conditions

Abstract:

As a new trend of photovoltaic (PV) power generation comprehensive utilization project, "PV + expressway" is in the embryonic stage of development. Compared with the traditional PV power generation system, the shadow distribution of vehicles with strong random uncertainty and rapid change speed is formed by the high-speed driving vehicles in the PV highway. On the one hand, it is easy to induce the series and parallel mismatching of the pavement PV arrays, resulting in the power losses. On the other hand, it leads to the complex fast changing multi peak phenomenon of the output characteristics of the pavement PV arrays, increases the difficulty of maximum power point tracking control, and further intensifies the power losses. In order to solve the above problems, this project takes highway the pavement PV array as the research object, explores vehicle shadow distribution of PV highway based on vehicle traffic flow theory, establishes multi scene mathematical model of highway pavement PV array, analyzes output characteristics and maximum power point distribution of the pavement PV array under dynamic random vehicle shadow, and studies the optimal design of the pavement PV array configuration based on the reverse analysis method and the maximum power point tracking strategy of the pavement PV array based on self leading algorithm library. The purpose of this project is to reduce the power loss of the highway pavement PV array under the shadow of dynamic random vehicles, improve the power generation efficiency of pavement PV array, and lay a theoretical foundation for the development and application of PV highway, which has important engineering value and scientific significance.

Biography:

Mingxuan Mao received the Ph.D. degree in control theoryand control engineering at Chongqing University in 2017.From June 2016 to June 2017, he was a visiting scholar in University of Leeds, Leeds, U.K., where he was engaged in research on advanced control theory and applications for renewable power generation and power electronics. His research interests include renewableenergy systems, power electronics converterand artificial intelligence algorithm.

Keynote Forum

Francesca Pantaleone
09:30 AM-09:45 AM 1

Francesca Pantaleone

University of Ferrara Italy

Title: Power optimization strategies

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to analyze the factors affecting hydrogen and Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies (“CCS”) policies, taking into consideration Fossil Fuel Consumption, Oil Reserves, the Debt/GDP Ratio, the Trilemma Index and other variables with respect to OECD countries. STATA 17 was used for the analysis. The results confirm the hypothesis that countries with high fossil fuel consumption and oil reserves are investing in blue hydrogen and CCS towards a “zero-carbon-emission” perspective. Moreover, countries with a good Debt/GDP ratio act most favorably to green policies by raising their Public Debt, because Foreign Direct Investments are negatively correlated with those kinds of policies. Future research should exploit Green Finance policy decision criteria on green and blue hydrogen. 

Biography:

Francesca Pantaleone is a young appassionate of energy sector, with particular focus on sustainability topics. Already graduated from University of Siena and Ljubljana through Double Degree program, is currently attending the last year of Green Economy course at University of Ferrara. Currently working for a multinational energy company in Milan as analyst for B2B gas sector.

Ahmad Shabudin Ariffin
10:00 AM-10:20 AM 1

Ahmad Shabudin Ariffin

Perlis Islamic College University Malaysia

Title: Ecosystem services in pasture by shelter created from the hybrid sterile bioenergy

Abstract:

Recent years have seen a significant increase in interest in mangrove biodiversity and conservation due to better awareness of the values, functions, and features of mangrove ecosystems as a result of scientific investigation. Mangrove forests are a unique coastal ecosystem defined by their specific adaptations that allow them to live abundantly in brackish water and saline soil, on sheltered shores that undergo fresh and salt-water influx regularly. Despite accounting for only about 1% of global forest coverage, mangroves are keystone ecosystems that provide a variety of critical ecological processes and environmental services to both terrestrial and marine biomes. Even though mangroves play an important role in the global carbon cycle and climate change, their extent has inexorably decreased in recent decades. It is mostly because of human activities such as aquaculture expansion, coastal development, and overharvesting that the population has declined. As a result of recent years' efforts, global society has become more mindful of and concerned about the subject of climate change, particularly global warming. It has been particularly noticeable in recent years that global warming is present and having an impact on human comforts, as well as its existence and effects. Heat waves, forest fires, sea level rise, pollution, habitat loss, and a reduction in biodiversity resources are just a few of the extreme events that have occurred recently to highlight the presence of global warming. On the other hand, the mangrove species at risk are the main concern to be conserved and preserved for future generations. The study aims to promote coastal and mangrove forest conservation and natural and cultural value preservation through the rehabilitation of swamp forests (mangrove) in the north coast area of Malaysia. This project directly promotes the achievement of sustainable development goals (SDGs) through the rehabilitation and restoration of degraded ecosystems and the promotion of the recovery of threatened mangrove species. This research will rely on case studies and observations of a rehabilitation project on Malaysia's north coast. Observational monitoring of key indicators is important to determine the performance of rehabilitation or restoration projects' aims and objectives, as well as to guide adaptive management and decision-making.

To achieve this objective, additional investment and commitment to research and adaptive management methods would be required. These concepts are illustrated through case studies of mangrove restoration and rehabilitation programmes in the northern coastal area of Malaysia, which are both hotspots for mangrove biodiversity and are experiencing ongoing loss and degradation. The results demonstrated that the success of the mangrove rehabilitation project and the number of endangered species restored will determine the expected outcome. This current study has both practical and social implications. Regarding the practical contribution, the countries should strengthen the legislative framework for management of mangrove diversity and conservation.

Biography:

Dr. Ahmad Shabudin Ariffin is a senior lecturer at Faculty of Business and Management Science, Perlis Islamic College University (KUIPs), Malaysia. He has been appointed as the Director for Research and Innovation Management Centre (RMIC) KUIPs since 1st October 2019 which offers national and international networking, research collaboration as well as community & industry engagement. Dr. Ahmad Shabudin previously has been a senior lecturer at Universiti UtaraMalaysia (UUM) for seven years. During his time, he has published extensively in local and international journals as well books on supply chain and logistics management. He has completed his Bachelor from University of Science Malaysia (USM) and Master’s degree as well as Doctoral degree from Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) which broaden her horizon as an academic in technology, operations, and logistics management. Along with his experience and educational background he has been appointed as board of director for KLPK Ternak Sdn. Bhd. Dr. Ahmad Shabudin is a professional membership for International Supply Chain Education Alliance (ISCEA) since October 2021 and also a member for Federation of Malaysian Unit Trust Managers since 2010.

Speakers

Mohamed Taieb Ben Dhia
11:00 AM-11:20 AM 1

Mohamed Taieb Ben Dhia

University of Tunis El Manar Tunisia

Title: Nuclear magnetic spectroscopy and research works

Abstract:

The use of natural products is the subject of several studies. Taking into account that the plant extracts offer the opportunity to recover bioactive molecules that can show therapeutic potential, they are engaged in the treatment of many diseases, further, their use as preservatives in aliment by replacing synthetic antioxidants. The study aims designed to examine the capacity of several solvents for the extraction of the main compounds from Capparis spinosa L. (Family Capparaceae) and to evaluate the antioxidant, antimicrobial activities of these extracts. Ethanol 80% was used to obtain crude extract from Capparis spinosa L. leaves, which was further partitioned by liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) using solvents with increasing polarity (hexane, diethyl ether, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water). The crude extract and the fractions were characterized by colorimetric methods, pyrolysis-gas chromatography (GC)-mass spectroscopy (MS), Fourier transform infrared.

Biography:

Mohamed Taieb BEN DHIA had obtained his University Doctorate in 1990 at the Faculty ofSciences of Tunis –Universiy of Tunis El Manar Senior Professor in 2009 and full Professorin 2016 in the same Faculty of Sciences. During 43 teaching years at the university, firstly, Ideveloped a nuclear magnetic spectroscopy (NMR-1D and NMR-2D) and thermodynamic approach concerning my research. Secondly in quality of Professor of Spectroscopy (NMR, IR, UV, Mössbauer) and Mass Spectrometry he is so solicited in national and international research evaluation committee as an expert. Concerning the pedagogic duty always he supervise Master Degree and Doctorate level in Physical-Chemistry and Theoretical approach using the theoretical Functional Density (DFT).