Psychiatry is defined as the branch of science that deals with all medical specialists which deal with various mental health problems like; Mood disorders, obesity and eating disorders, sleep disorders etc. by diagnosis, preventing, providing treatments and rehabilitation. The essential objective of the psychiatrist is to help the people suffering from mental illness disorders and bring improvement in their mental well-being. They follows medicinal approach yet may consider biological, psychological and social perspectives. Treatment by medication and yoga or less frequently, differing types of psychotherapy could be attempted. Psychiatrists are therapeutic specialists and are certified in treating dysfunctional behaviour utilizing the biomedical approach to deal with mental disorders including the utilization of medications. They may have their training periods under which they learn how to conduct psychotherapy, psychoanalysis and behavioral therapy etc. But it is their medicinal training that separates them from clinical psychologists and other psychotherapists.
Mental Health is an expression which is employed by everyone and each day, so it's going to astonish you that the term “Mental Health” is misjudged frequently. This ‘Mental Health’ is used as an alternative for many conditions related to mental health such as Anxiety, Schizophrenia, stress, addiction and others. According to World Health Organization, mental health is a condition of well-being in which each individual understands his or her own potential, can adapt to the normal stress of the life and can able to work in very productively manner and can also make a commitment to his or her group. Mental health incorporates our passionate, mental and social prosperity. It influences how we expect, feels and adapt to life. It also helps in deciding how we handle stress from other people in life. It is very crucial at every stage of person’s life, from youth and pre-adulthood through adulthood. It can cause due to various reasons like; genes, family history, life experiences, biological factors etc.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, also as feeling and thought. Psychologists seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and each one the variability of phenomena linked to those emergent properties, joining this way the broader neuro scientific group of researchers. It is an academic discipline of immense scope. In this field, knowledgeable practitioner or researcher is named a psychologist and may be classified as a social, behavioral or scientist. Psychologists decide to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors
Psychotherapy (psychological therapy or talking therapy) is that the use of psychological methods, particularly when supported regular personal interaction with adults, to assist an individual change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways. Psychotherapy aims to enhance a person's well-being and psychological state, to resolve or mitigate troublesome behaviors, beliefs, compulsions, thoughts or emotions and to enhance relationships and social skills. There is also a range of psychotherapies designed for children and adolescents, which typically involve play, such as sand play. Certain psychotherapies are considered evidence-based for treating some diagnosed mental disorders. Others have been criticized as pseudoscience.
Experiencing occasional anxiety may be a normal a part of life. However, people with anxiety disorders frequently have intense, excessive and protracted worry and fear about everyday situations. Often, anxiety disorders involve repeated episodes of sudden feelings of intense anxiety and fear or terror that reach a peak within minutes (panic attacks).
Like other sorts of mental disease, they stem from a mixture of things, including changes in your brain and environmental stress, and even your genes. The disorders can run in families and could be linked to faulty circuits in the brain that control fear and other emotions. These feelings of anxiety and panic interfere with daily activities, are difficult to regulate, are out of proportion to the particular danger and may last an extended time. You may avoid places or situations to stop these feelings. Symptoms may start during childhood or the teenager years and continue into adulthood. Examples of mental disorder s include generalized anxiety disorder, social mental disorder (social phobia), specific phobias and separation mental disorder. You can have more than one anxiety disorder.
Common anxiety signs and symptoms include:
• Feeling nervous, restless or tense
• Having a way of impending danger, panic or doom
• Having an increased heart rate
• Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)
• Feeling weak or tired
• Trouble concentrating or brooding about anything aside from this worry
• Having trouble sleeping
Schizophrenia may be a chronic and severe mental disturbance that affects how an individual thinks, feels and behaves. People with schizophrenia could seem like they need lost touch with reality. Symptoms of schizophrenia usually start between ages 16 and 30. In rare cases, children have schizophrenia too. Although schizophrenia isn't as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms are often very disabling.
Symptoms of schizophrenia include:
• Thought disorders (unusual or dysfunctional ways of thinking)
• Movement disorders (agitated body movements)
Schizophrenia people can be treated and managed by Antipsychotic medications, Psychotherapy; such as cognitive behavioral therapy and assertive community treatment and supportive therapy, Self-management strategies and education
Neurology and Neurological Disorders
A nervous disorder is any disorder of the nervous system. There are many recognized neurological disorders, some relatively common, but many are rare. The symptoms include paralysis, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness. The specific causes of neurological problems vary, but can include genetic disorders, congenital abnormalities or disorders, infections, lifestyle or environmental health problems including malnutrition, brain injury, nerve injury and gluten sensitivity (with or without intestinal damage or digestive symptoms). A neurological examination can, to some extent, assess the impact of neurological damage and disease on brain function in terms of behavior, memory or cognition, clinical neuropsychology uses neuropsychological assessment to precisely identify and track problems in mental functioning, usually after some quite brain injury or neurological impairment. They may be assessed by neurological examination and studied and treated within the specialties of neurology and clinical neuropsychology. There are sometimes unclear boundaries within the excellence between disorders treated within neurology and mental disorders treated within the other medicine of psychiatry or other mental state professions like psychotherapy. Alternatively, a condition might first be detected through the presence of abnormalities in mental functioning, and further assessment may indicate an underlying neurological disorder.
Mental illness awareness means acceptance and love rather than judgement and shame; it means an end to the stigma and the beginning of hope. Awareness basically starts in educating people to reduce stigma and improve quality of life for those with mental illness. Mental illness awareness is being comfortable talking about mental health without the fear of being judged for it. It's less stigma and less hatred towards those with mental illness. It means recognizing that mental illness is as real as any physical illness.
• Early intervention
• Management of mental health disorders
• Cultural understanding of wellness
• Psychological Aspects of Medical Illness
• Brain-stimulation treatments