Neonatal Surgery and Pediatric Surgery
Neonatal surgery is performed on babies shortly after they are born. It is typically meant to treat conditions that cannot be diagnosed and/or addressed while still in the womb. It may also treat conditions that develop shortly after birth. Babies born premature often require neonatal surgery to correct developmental issues.
Neonatal surgery is used to treat many different conditions, such as the following:
Pediatric surgery is specialization in surgery involving youngsters, infants, adolescents and young adults. they often handle birth defects and surgeries needed for nonheritable malformation, angioma, inflammatory disease, ball etc. medical specialty surgery has subspeciality which has, babe surgery and craniate surgery. medical specialty surgery needs additional coaching throughout residency and fellowship. different sorts of surgeries embrace medical specialty cardiothoracic, medical specialty nephrological surgery, medical specialty surgical operation, medical specialty urological surgery and medical specialty medical specialty surgery etc. Common medical specialty diseases that need surgery area unit nonheritable malformation like necrotizing enterocolotis, congenital defect and roof of the mouth, wall defects like hernias, gastroschisis, chest wall deformties like thorax excavatum, separation of conjoint twins, childhood tumors like malignant tumor, wills neoplasm, liver neoplasm, etc. craniate surgery usually deals to treat birth defects in fetuses United Nations agency area unit still within the pregnant female internal reproductive organ. It will either be open craniate surgery, borderline invasive fetoscopic surgery or body covering craniate medical aid. because of craniate surgery several birth defects that were not possible to treat before will simply cured totally. However, this will increase the chance for each mother and kid as a result of the delivery of the baby would require a second caesarean delivery days or weeks later i.e. even before the wound is totally cured.
Neonatal Cardiology & Haematology
Neonatal Cardiology deals with the fetal diagnosis and treatment given for pregnant women at risk of or known to be carrying babies with heart problems. Neonatal heart conditions mainly includes heart defects associated with other types of disease, such as diaphragmatic hernia, heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy) or infection (myocarditis), heart problems due to lung masses, etc. Neonatal hematology deals with the hematologic problems occur in the majority of sick neonates.
Gastrointestinal disorders can affect neonates and infants. Infectious gastroenteritis is the most common pediatric gastrointestinal disorder. Pediatric gastroenterologists evaluate and offer treatment plans for any kind of chronic stomach issues including abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, failure to gain weight, feeding problems, constipation, or dietary issues.
Pediatric Immunology and Infectious Diseases
A pediatric immunologist treats allergies and other immune system in children. In case of pediatric allergies, the most types of them are from pet dander, pollen dust, mold spores, dust, insect stings, food (e.g. peanut butter allergy). A pediatric allergist treats these unusual behaviors of a child’s immune system towards harmless particles. Such are the cases of hypersensitive immune system. In case a child’s immune system is not working properly, he may suffer from frequent and uncommon infections. Some of them are sinusitis, pneumonia, thrush and abscesses that keep coming back. Infectious diseases and immunology go hand in hand. A poor immune system leads to more susceptibility towards infectious diseases. Such infection include sinusitis (inflammation of one of the sinuses), thrush (a fungus infection in the mouth), pneumonia (infection of the lung), and abscesses (collection of the pus surrounded by inflamed tissue).
Pediatric Mental Health and Psychology
Physical health is a crucial facet of any child’s life. The symptoms of being physically unfit or well is well noticed and treated. in contrast to physical health, mental state and therefore the issues associated with it's typically neglected. If a baby behaves during an aggressive approach or isn't behaving in a approach a baby ought to, he's typically shunned and maltreated. Any kid World Health Organization doesn't match into the social group norms of being traditional is commonly hangdog. If associate in nursing overweight kid is excited regarding his weight, he can socially withdraw. He would be reluctant to create friends, exercise or participate in any group action. this can lead low vanity, depression and low levels of confidence within the kid. this can not solely hamper his performance in class however conjointly take a toll on his physical health. kids with mental disorders typically take the road to drug abuse. a baby with associate in nursing abusive father reception typically incorporates a troubled adulthood. By the time his identification regarding the mental state is completed, he doesn’t have comfortable cash to purchase his treatment.
Pediatrics Critical Care and Emergency Medicine
Pediatric Critical Care deals with children who are seriously ill and in unstable condition and need immediate attention and cure to live. The unstable condition may include severe asthma, deep diabetic ketoacidosis, infections like pneumonia, and serious injuries from accidents like cares, bicycles, skateboards or rollerblades or near-drowning. In case if the child is critically ill and requires careful monitoring, he is placed in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). There the pediatric critical care doctors work in close with the PICU nurses and doctors to stabilize the condition of the child. Emergency medicine deals with the immediate condition of the patient, his seriousness of injury and how to stabilize his condition. These medicines are targeted towards improving the current unstable condition of the patient and they are generally not given for the long term. Emergency medicine for Pediatric also is a different section of emergency medicine that deals with kids, neonates, and adolescents. Since from the age of 0-18 years, the body keeps growing and especially in the period of 0-5 years the neonate cannot be treated as a “small adults”, special care has to be taken when treating them under emergency conditions.