Mental health is the psychological condition of someone who is functioning at a higher level of emotional and behavioural condition. Greater than 200 categorized forms of mental illness conditions are there. Mental health includes an individual’s potential to enjoy life and create a balance between normal life activities and efforts to achieve human resilience. It is important in every stage of life, including childhood and adolescence through adulthood. Half of the mental health conditions begin at 14 and the remaining conditions develop by age of 24. Prevention of mental disorder at the young age may significantly decrease the risk that a child will suffer in the later life.
How do an individual deal with difficult events like death of loved ones, serious illness, losing a job or some other traumatic events? Where many people react with a flood of strong emotions and other generally adapt well to life changing situation and stressful conditions. It involves resilience.
Psychiatry is defined as a proactive and positive approach to living that increases resiliency to stress by promoting life balance and contentment. It mainly concerns about maintaining mental, emotional and physical health. Focusing on mental health and wellness it is particularly important for people at risk for behavioural health conditions. People with mental or substance use disorders typically die earlier. Changes in one’s thoughts often go along with changes in our mental health. It is determined by overall patterns of thoughts, emotions, behaviors and body reactions. Having a good mental health is likely to help protect against development of many problems.
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry is a multidisciplinary insightful periodical that empowers look into on the finding, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders in children, adolescents, and their families. It researches the biopsychosocial factors that impact the improvement and course of these mental issue and treatment reactions to different intercessions. It for the most part centers around formative issue (Autism spectrum disorder), Disorders of Attention and Behavior, Psychotic Disorders, Mood Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, Eating Disorders and Gender Identity Disorder.
A complex set of behaviors that include child neglect and the physical, emotional and sexual abuse of children. Child abuse includes punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning, shaking, or otherwise physically harming a child. Injuries that can be fatal include severe head trauma, scalding, burns, drowning, suffocation, trauma to the abdomen and poisoning. Child abuse should be reported, investigated, and stopped.
Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology which concerns with practical application of research methodologies and involved in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. The professionals, clinical psychologists classify their basic activities in three main headings, which are assessment, treatment and research. Clinical psychologists are specialized in behaviour therapy, psychoanalysis, group therapy & family therapy. Research is very crucial in clinical psychology as their training in experimental clinical trials and statistical procedures and hence clinical psychologists are very important participants in the studies of mental health care.
Psychological well-being is a basic piece of a woman’s general prospectus. Some mental health conditions happens more every now and again in women and can expect an essential part in the state of a woman’s general prosperity. 29 million American women, or around 23 per cent of the female masses, have experienced diagnosable mental prosperity associated turmoil in the latest year alone. Similar amount of male and female experiencing enthusiastic health issues globally, yet a couple of issues are more fundamental in female than male. Diverse social components put women at more genuine peril of poor enthusiastic health than men. In any case, women’s status to talk about their feelings and their strong casual associations can secure their mental prosperity.
Psychopharmacology is the study of the changes in mood due to substance abuse or drug induces. These drugs can be obtained from natural sources as well as through chemical synthesis in laboratory. These drugs interact with the nervous system and make changes in physiological or psychological receptors.
Neuropsychology worried about the applied study of cerebrum conduct connections. This field fuses standards of appraisal and intercession dependent on the logical research of human conduct as it identifies with the typical and anomalous working of the focal sensory system. Neurodegenerative diseases are hopeless and weakening conditions that outcome in dynamic degeneration as well as death of nerve cells. This causes issues with development (called ataxias), or mental working (called dementias). Evaluation incorporates neuropsychological tests, persistent history, subjective perception, neuroimaging, and symptomatic techniques.
Geriatric psychiatry is a sub speciality of psychiatry which deals with the study, prevention and treatment of mental disorders in human with old age. It emphasizes the psychological and biological aspects of normal ageing.
Mental health difficulties like depression, anxiety, PTSD, stress often leads an individual towards substance abuse and using these substances often worsen the mental health. Mental illness and substance abuse often occur together, and it is called Dual Diagnosis or Co-Occurring Disorder. Following are the mental health problems occur frequently with addiction. Anxiety, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Eating Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia and Personality Disorders.
Alzheimer's is a kind of dementia that causes issues with memory, thinking and conduct. Dementia is the loss of psychological working thinking, recalling, and thinking and social capacities to such a degree, that it meddles with an individual's everyday life and exercises. These capacities incorporate memory, language aptitudes, visual observation, critical thinking, self-administration, and the capacity to center and focus. A few people with dementia can't control their feelings, and their characters may change. The rate at which the sickness advances is diverse for everybody, except by and large, individuals with Alzheimer's live for a long time after side effects start. While there are presently no medicines to prevent Alzheimer's infection from advancing, there are drugs to treat dementia side effects.
The term psychological disorder is more frequently known as mental disorders. Mental disorders are the pattern of psychological symptoms that impacts in multiple areas throughout the life span. Some of the psychological disorders are: Neurodevelopmental disorders, which includes intellectual disability, global developmental delay, communication disorders, autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Psychosomatic disorder is mainly used to describe a physical disease thought to be caused or to make even worse by several mental factors. Several factors can play role in psychosomatic disorders such as personality traits, family influences, genetic or environmental factors, learned behaviour and more.
Stress is a feeling of physical and emotional tension. Despite being unpleasant, it is not a disease but there are connections between stress and mental health problem like depression, anxiety, PTSD and psychosis.
Mental health affects approximately 19% of the adult population, 47% in children and 17% in children every year but half of the affected individual gets treatment. Untreated individual witness higher medical expenses, several associated problems, poorer performance in work and in school, less employment opportunity and increased risk of suicide.
The mental health disorder treatment has two aspects. One of it is rehabilitation. Mental disorder requires medication along with the other forms of treatment. The treatment type depends on their diagnosis, the severity of disorder and individual’s physical and emotional state. Psychiatric rehabilitation is an aspect of treatment which helps the person to return in the optimum level of functioning to lead a normal life. This can be brought by providing medical, psychological and social input though there are no strict boundary between treatment and rehabilitation.
There are many causes to get mental disorders. Individual’s genes and family history may play a vital role in our life. Biological factors can also be a part of this. Traumatic brain injury can lead to a serious mental dysfunction. A mother’s exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals during pregnancy may play a part in getting mental disorder. Other factors may increase the chance of risk such as drug addiction. Medications and counselling can help to cure many mental disorders. Different kinds of mental disorders like anxiety disorders, depression, mood disorders, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse.
Mindfulness is an integrative approach that help individual to manage their thoughts and mental health.
Annual summit on Psychiatry and Mental Health conference would like to invite all the Eminent from the field of Psychiatry, Psychology, Neurology, Neuroscience, Child psychiatry, mental health and Depression treatment. Apart from researchers wold like to honour Professor, Head of psychiatry division, Students, Young researchers, PhD scholars and interested delegates. Kindly do join us at London during April 26-27, 2021.