May 18-19, 2023    Rome, Italy

14th International Conference on

Dental and Oral Health


Dental Pain, Complications and Treatments

Dental pain:  Toothache is caused when the nerve to a tooth is aggravated. There are various reasons for tooth torment. Most of dental issues can be forestalled by keeping up with fundamental oral cleanliness. There are several different conditions that can lead to the onset of tooth pain.  They include:

  1. Infected Gums – Poor oral hygiene is the cause of infected gums. Over time, it will lead to the build-up of plaque. The bacteria will cause your gums to become red, bleed and swell up. This directly contributes to tooth pain.
  2. A Damaged Filling
  3. Pregnancy – pregnancy too can lead to tooth problems and tooth pain. Fluctuating hormone levels during pregnancy may lead to tooth decay and pregnancy gingivitis.

These complications are rare and are a result of an untreated maxillary dental infection .tooth pain i.e Sinusitis, Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis, Submandibular Space Infection etc. The treatment for tooth pain depends solely on the cause of its onset. If a cavity is the reason for your tooth pain, your dentist will either extract the tooth or fill the cavity. Like medicatios,antibiotics,pain control.

Prosthodontics & Periodontics

Prosthodontics: Prosthodontics is one of the branches of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth and the associated soft and hard tissues by prostheses (crowns, bridges, dentures) which may be fixed or removable, or may be supported and retained by implants.

Periodontics: Periodontics is the dental specialty focusing exclusively in the inflammatory disease that destroys the gums and other supporting structures around the teeth. A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal, or disease, and in the placement of dental implants.

Dental Public Health & Dental Hygiene

Dental Public Health: 

Dental Public Health (DPH) is a Para-clinical specialty of dentistry that deals with the prevention of oral disease and promotion of oral health. Dental public health is involved in the assessment of key dental health needs and coming up with effective solutions to improve the dental health of populations rather than individuals.
Dental Hygiene: 

Dental hygiene is the practice of keeping one's mouth clean and free of disease and other problems (e.g. bad breath) by regular brushing of the teeth (Oral hygiene) and cleaning between the teeth. It is important that oral hygiene be carried out on a regular basis to enable prevention of dental disease and bad breath. The most common types of dental disease are tooth decay (cavities, dental caries) and gum diseases, including gingivitis, and periodontitis.

Digital Dentistry, Robotics & Nano dentistry

Digital Dentistry:

Digital dentistry refers to the use of dental technologies or devices that incorporates digital or computer-controlled components to carry out dental procedures rather than using mechanical or electrical tools. The use of digital dentistry can make carrying out dental procedures more efficient than using mechanical tools, both for restorative as diagnostic purposes. Used as a way to facilitate dental treatments and propose new ways to meet rising patient demands.
Robotics In Dentistry: 

With the advancements in technology, robots are being used in every sector of science because of their ability to do precise work without exhaustion and it has made its way into dentistry as well. This short review of literature discusses the application of dental robotics ranging from patient robots to the robots used in endodontics, oral surgery, implantology, prosthodontics & orthodontics.

Nanodentistry is defined as the science and technology of diagnosing, treating and preventing oral and dental diseases, relieving pain, preserving and improving dental health using nanostructured material. Nanodentistry can be used to diagnose, treat, and prevent oral and dental diseases. It can also be used to relieve pain and preserve or improve dental health.

Endodontics & Orthodontics


Endodontics encompasses the study of the basic and clinical sciences of normal dental pulp, the etiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and injuries of the dental pulp along with associated periradicular conditions.Endodontic treatment is one of the most common procedures. If the dental pulp (containing nerves, arterioles, venules, lymphatic tissue, and fibrous tissue) becomes diseased or injured, endodontic treatment is required to save the tooth.

Orthodontics is a dentistry specialty that addresses the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of mal-positioned teeth and jaws, and misaligned bite patterns. It may also address the modification of facial growth, known as dentofacial orthopedics.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a surgical specialty focusing on reconstructive surgery of the face, facial trauma surgery, the oral cavity, head and neck, mouth, and jaws, as well as facial cosmetic surgery. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon is a regional specialist surgeon who treats the entire craniomaxillofacial complex: anatomical area of the mouth, jaws, face, and skull, head and neck as well as associated structures.

Oral Cancer and Oral pathology

Oral cancer, disease characterized by the growth of cancerous cells in the mouth, including the lips. Oral cancer is often associated with cancers of the cavity located behind the tonsils and the back of the throat (oropharyngeal cancer). Most cases originate from the flattened cells that make up the lining of the oral cavity (squamous cell carcinomas). Oral cancers can spread into the jaw and may occur simultaneously with cancers of the larynx, esophagus, or lungs.

Oral Medicine & Dental Pharmacology

Oral Medicine: 

An oral medicine or stomatology doctor has received additional specialized training and experience in the diagnosis and management of oral mucosal abnormalities ( ulcers, infection, allergies) including oral cancer, temporomandibular disorders (e.g.: problems with the TMJ) and facial pain (due to musculoskeletal or neurologic conditions), taste and smell disorders; and recognition of the oral manifestations of systemic and infectious diseases.
Dental Pharmacology: 

Dental Pharmacology deals with the pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic applications, drug interactions, and adverse effects of various drugs frequently used in dental practice. It is the branch of pharmacology which relates with the study of drugs for the treatment of dental diseases. The common drugs are antibiotics, analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs and anti-periodontitis agents. Dental Pharmacology includes oral hygiene,  Mummifying agents and drugs used for cavity. Oral hygiene deals with the care of oral mucous membrane and teeth. Mummifying agents are used to harden and dry the tissue of pulp.

Orofacial & Cosmetic Dentistry

Orofacial is relating to the mouth and face. Cosmetic dentistry is generally used to refer to any dental work that improves the appearance of teeth, gums. It primarily focuses on improvement in dental aesthetics in color, position, shape, size and overall smile appearance. Many dentists refer to themselves as "cosmetic dentists" regardless of their specific education, specialty, training, and experience in this field.

Pediatric & Geriatric Dentistry

Pediatric dentistry is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence. Pediatric dentists promote the dental health of children as well as serve as educational resources for parents. It is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD).It may include advice on preventing injuries to the mouth and teeth of children, diet counseling, and information on growth and development. Geriatric dentistry, or Gerodontology, is the delivery of dental care to older adults involving the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of problems associated with normal aging and age-related diseases as part of an interdisciplinary team with other health care professionals. Geriatric dentistry is a crucial part of the health maintenance mechanism for the elderly and medically compromised individuals.

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Speakers Interview