Clinical research is a branch of healthcare science that determines the safety and effectiveness of medications, devices, diagnostic products and treatment regimens intended for human use the research may involve the study of biological samples (blood, genes, proteins, tissue, etc.) as a means to understand the individual or the group, but the ultimate objective for the clinical investigator is to have better knowledge in understanding of diagnosis and treatment of human diseases.
Clinical data management
Clinical performances includes interaction with different departments including Clinical Science, Clinical Quality Assurance, data management , Biostatistics, and regulative Affairs to confirm that the info and data required by these different departments are in role in the order that they will decide if an attempt has been undefeated. The Clinical Operations need corporation which is vital to the delivery of clinical trials. Several larger pharmaceutical corporations have conjointly checked outputting in place strategic partnerships with Clinical analysis Organizations to source some or all of their Clinical Operations activities. Maintain important records of study activity as well as case report forms, drug dispensation records, or regulative forms. Assess the importance of data management is through many ways corresponding to screening interviews, reviews of medical records, and discussions with physicians and nurses
Endocrinology and metabolic syndrome
Endocrine and metabolic diseases span a vast range of conditions. Together, they affect many millions of Americans and can profoundly decrease quality of life. NIDDK supports research on many of these conditions, including osteoporosis, cystic fibrosis, hypothyroidism, and obesity. Osteoporosis is a disease marked by reduced bone strength and linked to aging and fracture risk. Despite dramatic advances in treatment and life expectancy, cystic fibrosis substantially reduces lifespan and its management is challenging. As people are living longer with this disease, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes has emerged as a common problem.
Metabolic syndrome is a health condition that everyone's talking about.metabolic syndrome seems to be a condition that many people have, but no one knows very much about. It's also debated by the experts not all doctors agree that metabolic syndrome should be viewed as a distinct condition.Metabolic syndrome is not a disease in itself. Instead, it's a group of risk factors --high blood pressure, high blood sugar, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and abdominal fat.
EDCs (Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals)
Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine systems at certain doses. These disruptions can cause cancerous tumors, birth defects, and other developmental disorders. Any system in the body controlled by hormones can be derailed by hormone disruptors. Specifically, endocrine disruptors may be associated with the development of learning disabilities, severe attention deficit disorder, cognitive and brain development problems deformations of the body that includes breast cancer, prostate cancer, thyroid and other cancers; sexual development problems such as feminizing of males or masculinizing effects on females, etc.
Complications of metabolic syndrome
Metabolic syndrome refers to the presence of a cluster of risk factors specific for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome greatly raises the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, stroke, or all three. Most people who have metabolic syndrome have insulin resistance. The body makes insulin to move glucose (sugar) into cells for use as energy. Obesity, commonly found in people with metabolic syndrome, makes it more difficult for cells in the body to respond to insulin.
Clinical microbiology focuses on all aspects of patient infections from testing samples to identifying bacterial,viral ,fungal and parasitic agents that are contributing to the infectious process, to determining the susceptibility of micro organisms to various anti microbial agents and reporting the results to healthcare providers.
Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin. It is a speciality with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatology is a specialist medical doctor who manages diseases related to skin, hair, nails, and some cosmetic problems.
Clinical pathology (Medical Laboratory) is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids, such as blood, urine, and tissue homogenates or extracts using the tools of chemistry, microbiology, hematology and molecular pathology. Clinical pathology is one of the two major divisions of pathology, the other being anatomical pathology. Often, pathologists, practice both anatomical and clinical pathology, a combination sometimes known as general pathology. Similar specialties exist in veterinary pathology.
Clinical neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience that focuses on the scientific study of fundamental mechanisms that underlie diseases and disorders of the brain and central nervous system. It seeks to develop new ways of conceptualizing and diagnosing such disorders and ultimately of developing novel treatments.