Sessions

November 02, 2021    Rome, Italy

1st International Conference on

Alzheimers and Parkinsons disease

Sessions

Alzheimer’s disease

Scientists inspect the brain’s grey substance once work regarding Alzheimer’s disease. A contemporary study found that degenerating nervous within the brain can associate in Nursing early indication of malady. A study was printed in Radiology that concludes that nervous plays a vital role in however the disease strikes and progresses. Abnormal deposits of proteins that form amyloid plaques and tangles are seen everywhere in the brain in Alzheimer’s disease. It can even be characterized by shrinkage of brain tissues that leads to neurons loss.

Young-Onset Dementia

Young onset dementia (YOD) is defined as dementia diagnosed under the age of 65. It is also referred to as 'early onset' or 'working age' dementia. There are an estimated 42,000 people with young onset dementia in the UK.

Although the early signs vary, common early symptoms of dementia include:

  • memory problems, particularly remembering recent events.
  • increasing confusion.
  • reduced concentration.
  • personality or behavior changes.
  • apathy and withdrawal or depression.
  • loss of ability to do everyday tasks.

Mild Cognitive Impairment

Mild cognitive impairment causes cognitive changes that are serious enough to be noticed to the person affected and to family members and friends but do not affect the individual’s ability to carry out everyday activities. Approximately 15% to 20% of people age 65 or older have MCI. People living with MCI, especially MCI involving memory problems, are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias than people without MCI. such as when a medication causes cognitive impairment, MCI is mistakenly diagnosed. It is important that people experiencing cognitive changes seek help as soon as possible for diagnosis and possible treatment.

 

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a type of dementia accompanied by changes in sleep, behavior, cognition, movement, and autonomic bodily functions. Memory loss is not always an early symptom. The disease worsens over time and is usually diagnosed when cognitive decline interferes with normal daily functioning.

Lewy body dementia signs and symptoms may include:

  • Visual hallucinations. Hallucinations may be one of the first symptoms, and they often recur. ...
  • Movement disorders. ...
  • Poor regulation of body functions (autonomic nervous system). ...
  • Cognitive problems. ...
  • Sleep difficulties. ...
  • Fluctuating attention. ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Apathy.

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD)

 

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD), a common cause of dementia, is a group of disorders that occur when nerve cells in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain are lost. This causes the lobes to shrink. FTD can affect behavior, personality, language, and movement. Frontotemporal dementia is caused by clumps of abnormal protein forming inside brain cells. These are thought to damage the cells and stop them working properly. The proteins mainly build up in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain at the front and sides.

Stages of Frontotemporal Dementia

  • Early Stage Frontotemporal Dementia. Unlike Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia, the memory may be completely unaffected in frontotemporal dementia. ...
  • Mid-Stage Frontotemporal Dementia. As FTD symptoms progress, they tend to become more consistent. ...
  • Late-Stage Frontotemporal Dementia.

 

Parkinson’s disease treatment

The drugs that have shown good effects on the motor signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are dopaminergic drugs. Since Parkinson’s disease is not considered a pure movement disorder anymore, the treatment of nonmotor signs and symptoms is justified. However, the treatment of nonmotor symptoms is still an unsatisfactory field for patients and their families other alternatives to Parkinson’s disease management include a group of therapies other than a pharmacological approach. There is a vast variety of techniques available for this purpose, such as tai chi, yoga, massage, acupuncture, dance, traditional herbs, and molecular targeted therapies, among others

Dopamine dynamics in the Brain

Dopamine plays many roles in the brain, most notably related to movement, motivation, and reinforcement of behavior. However, until now it has been difficult to study precisely how a flood of dopamine affects neural activity throughout the brain.Dopamine appears to exert significant effects in two regions of the brain’s cortex, including the motor cortex.

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Speakers Interview