Sports Science is a discipline that emphasizes how the healthy human body works during exercise, and how sport and physical activity promote health from cellular to whole body perspectives. Physical activity is an essential part of being healthy. Physical training in young people and high quality physical education can encourage young people to develop knowledge, understanding and skills across a range of physical education, sport and health – enhancing experiences.
Sports medicine healthcare provides special training to revive function to injured patients in order that they can get cracking again as soon as possible. They are expertised in preventing illness and injury in people that are active.
Sports medicine isn't a medicine in itself. Other experts who aren't healthcare providers may go with a medicine healthcare provider to supply care.They are:-
Certified athletic trainers
Physical Education Fitness
Physical Education and physical activity is an essential part of being healthy. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAG) recommends that adults get at least 2½ hours of moderately to vigorously intense physical activity each week. Physical training in young people, high quality physical education can encourage young people to develop knowledge, understanding and skills across a range of physical education, sport and health – enhancing experiences.Studies have shown that even women who are 90 years old and use a walker can benefit from light strength training and also beneficial for children.Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities. Physical fitness is generally achieved through proper nutrition, moderate-vigorous physical exercise, and sufficient rest.
5 Components of Physical Fitness are:-
Orthopedic Sports Medicines
Orthopedics Sports Medicine is a subspecialty of orthopedic medicine and sports medicine. Orthopedic sports medicine is the investigation, preservation, and restoration by medical, surgical, and rehabilitative means to all structures of the musculoskeletal system affected by athletic activity. Sports injuries are injuries that happen when playing sports or exercising and some are from of accidents. Others can result from poor training practices or improper gear. The most common sports injuries are Sprains, strains, Foot, Ankle, Hip and Knee, Shoulder & Neck injuries.
Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism. It includes food intake, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism and excretion. The diet of an organism is what it eats, which is largely determined by the availability and palatability of foods. For humans, a healthy diet includes preparation of food and storage methods that preserve nutrients from oxidation, heat or leaching, and that reduce risk of foodborne illness. In humans, an unhealthy diet can cause deficiency-related diseases such as blindness, anemia, scurvy, preterm birth, stillbirth and cretinism or nutrient excess health-threatening conditions such as obesity and metabolic syndrome.
Sports cardiology is an advancing field that encompasses the care of athletes and active individuals with known or previously undiagnosed cardiovascular conditions. It incorporates many aspects of cardiology, such as
structural heart disease
Physical therapy may include the use of manual therapies, electric stimulation, compression therapy and wound care. Vestibular therapy aims to treat balance problems that can result from inner ear conditions.
Physiotherapy in spots related injuries
Sports medicine healthcare providers have special training to revive function to injured patients in order that they can get cracking again as soon as possible. They have expertise in preventing illness and injury in people that are active.
Sports medicine isn't a medicine in itself. Most medicine healthcare providers are certified in general medicine, medicine, family practice, or another specialty. Not all but some medicine healthcare providers have surgical training, as well, usually as orthopedic surgeons.
Other experts who aren't healthcare providers may go with a medicine healthcare provider to supply care: