Petroleum geology is the study of the origin, natural occurrence, movement, gathering and exploration of hydrocarbon fuels, especially oil or petroleum. Petroleum geology involves sedimentology, the study of how sand, mud and clay are deposited. The major
Geophysical Exploration is the application of the principles of Physics to the study of the subsurface, in search of hydrocarbon. Geophysical investigations of the interior of the earth involve taking measurements at or near earth’s surface that are influ
Hydraulic Fracturing is the process of pumping fluid into a wellbore at an injection rate that is too high for the formation to accept without breaking. During injection the resistance to flow in the formation increases, the pressure in the wellbore incre
Drilling is a unique mechanical process that is designed to bring petroleum oil hydrocarbons to the surface by making a hole or bore into the earth’s surface. In geotechnical engineering, drilling fluid is used to aid the drilling of boreholes into
Borehole logging is the preparation of creation a complete record (a well log) of the geologic formations penetrated by a borehole, the acquired data is analyzed to broaden the information and increase the understanding of the hydrocarbon properties therein and characteristics of the underground reservoir where the hydrocarbons are trapped.
Petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas. Oil refineries are typi
Petroleum Engineering makes use of technology in a variety of ways depending on the specialization area. The reason for this is because the ability to extract hydrocarbons has become more complex as the terrain has become more difficult including deep-wat
Monte Carlo simulation is a process of running a model numerous times with a random selection from the input distributions for each variable. The results of these numerous scenarios can give you a "most likely" case, along with a statistical distribution
Sulphur exists in crude petroleum as a non-hydrocarbon constituent in different concentrations. Among the distillate fractions obtained from crude oil, the distribution of sulphur compounds is not uniform, rather it vary from fraction to fraction dependin
Reservoir Engineering involves assessing oil and gas deposits. Reservoir Engineers firstly estimate the size of a reservoir, then determine how much oil and gas reserves are in the reservoir and finally work out how to maximize the economic return from ex
Natural gas is a subcategory of petroleum which is naturally occurring complex mixture of hydrocarbons, with a minor amount of inorganic compounds. Geologists and chemists agree that petroleum originates from plants and animal remains that accumulate on t
Petrophysics is the study of physical and chemical rock properties and their interactions with fluids. A major application of Petrophysics is in studying reservoirs for the hydrocarbon industry. Petrophysicists are employed to help reservoir engineers
All typical oilfield treating and processing equipment. Participants must learn not only the purpose of every piece of equipment but how each works. Emphasis is on gaining a basic understanding of the purpose and internal workings of all categories of surface facilities and treating equipment.
Chemical engineers can work in any industry that usages material substances because they solve problems about the production or usage of chemicals and other materials.
Petroleum engineering is considered as a relatively new among other engineering disciplines. Due to the need for a specialized petroleum engineering science, its pillars were set by mining engineers, geologists, mechanical engineers, civil engineers and m
Petroleum-derived contaminants constitute one of the most prevalent sources of environmental degradation in the industrialized world. In large concentrations, the hydrocarbon molecules that make up crude oil and petroleum products are highly toxic to ma
The scale of global fossil fuel consumption is massive. While fossil fuel consumption continues to increase to sustain our growing population and the advancement of developing nations most of this increase in consumption comes from coal and natural gas. C
Petroleum Economics is about how oil and gas activities are driven by economic considerations, and how the values are shared. Just about anyone working with the petroleum sector needs to understand some fundamentals of its economics. Petroleum Economics h
HSE or health, safety, and environment is normally used as shorthand for HSSES (health, safety, environment, security, and social economics) and is also known as SHE or EHS. An alternative term for it is occupational safety and health (OSH). Some administrations include security and social economics below the HSE umbrella.
Over the last twenty years the field of Petroleum Engineering has undergone major changes. The evolution of technology as well as the increasing presence of computerized tools in nearly all stages of the exploration-production processes.