Industrial Microbiology, Biotechnology and Future Bio-industries
Industrial microbiology is primarily associated with the commercial exploitation of microorganisms and involves processes and products that are of major economic, environmental and gregarious consequentiality throughout the world.
Approximately 120 companies have been identified to be involved in animal biotechnology and are profiled in the report. These are a mix of animal healthcare companies and biotechnology companies. Top companies in this area are identified and ranked. Information is given about the research activities of 11 veterinary and livestock research institutes. Important 108 collaborations in this area are shown.
Pharmaceutical Microbiology is an applied branch of Microbiology. It involves the study of microorganisms associated with the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Other aspects of Pharmaceutical Microbiology include the research and development of anti-infective agents, the use of microorganisms to detect mutagenic and carcinogenic activity in prospective drugs, and the use of microorganisms in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products like insulin and human growth hormone.
Clinical Infections and Vaccines
Clinical Infections and Vaccines (CIV) will cover a range of important topics relevant to Infectious diseases and their impact on human health. The latest information on common healthcare-associated infections, such as Clostridium difficult, Pneumonia, and complicated urinary tract infections and others will be featured in this track. The science in this track works to bring together angstrom-level discovery and clinical research to reduce the burden of infectious diseases around the globe.
Farmers have modified plants to create the desired traits by the use of various scientific tools and techniques, the method to be known as, agricultural biotechnology. Agricultural biotechnology is being employed to handle issues altogether areas of agricultural production and process. This includes plant breeding to boost and stabilize yields, to boost resistance to pests, diseases and abiotic stresses like drought and cold, and to boost the nutritionary content of foods. It is being used to develop low-cost disease-free plants and also to increase the breeding capacity of plants. Agricultural biotechnology is criticized to create long-term adverse effects like developing new allergens, weeds that are resistant to herbicides, farmers may use additional chemicals to treat crops genetically built to resist poisons and biotechnology may also advance a decline in biodiversity but it should be thought of as a supplement to existing crop improvement programmes.
COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered corona virus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough.
Vaccines and Immunity
When the familiar antigens are detected, B-lymphocytes produce antibodies to attack them. Vaccines prevent diseases that can be dangerous, or even deadly. Vaccines greatly reduce the risk of infection by working with the body's natural defenses to safely develop immunity to disease.