Longdom have taken a major role in this pandemic time in organizing webinars which are open for everyone, who are wishing to continue their professional education without travelling. We extend our immense pleasure and honor to invite you to attend “Webinar on Automotive Vehicles and Design Technologies” scheduled on November 23, 2021 in London,UK(GMT+1). It will be focusing on the theme "Exploring Advances in Automobile Engineering" to enhance and explore knowledge among academicians and industry personnel. These webinars are time-saving, economic and interactive programmes that include presentations, online assessments, and live discussions with speakers, keynote speakers and global researchers.
Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point. The word comes from Latin vibrationem ("shaking, brandishing"). The oscillations may be periodic, such as the motion of a pendulum—or random, such as the movement of a tire on a gravel road.In many cases, however, vibration is undesirable, wasting energy and creating unwanted sound. For example, the vibrational motions of engines, electric motors, or any mechanical device in operation are typically unwanted. Such vibrations could be caused by imbalances in the rotating parts, uneven friction, or the meshing of gear teeth. Careful designs usually minimize unwanted vibrations.
Vibration is usually caused by an out of balance or defective tire, a bent wheel or a worn driveline U-joint. You may find that the car shakes the car in an up and down motion. You may feel vibration through the seat, the steering wheel or even in the brake pedal. There are a few parts within a vehicle's engine that could cause a car to shake if they malfunction. These include the spark plugs and engine air filter. Check the spark plugs and their connections. A dirty or clogged engine air filter can starve the engine of oxygen and/or fuel that it needs to run properly.
A hybrid vehicle is one that uses two or more distinct types of power, such as submarines that use diesel when surfaced and batteries when submerged. Other means to store energy include pressurized fluid in hydraulic hybrids. The basic principle with hybrid vehicles is that the different motors work better at different speeds; the electric motor is more efficient at producing torque, or turning power, and the combustion engine is better for maintaining high speed (better than a typical electric motor). Switching from one to the other at the proper time while speeding up yields a win-win in terms of energy efficiency, as such that translates into greater fuel efficiency.
In a parallel hybrid bicycle human and motor torques are mechanically coupled at the pedal or one of the wheels, e.g. using a hub motor, a roller pressing onto a tire, or a connection to a wheel using a transmission element. Most motorized bicycles, mopeds are of this type.
In a series hybrid bicycle (SHB) (a kind of chainless bicycle) the user pedals a generator, charging a battery or feeding the motor, which delivers all of the torque required. They are commercially available, being simple in theory and manufacturing.
A series hybrid electric-petroleum bicycle (SHEPB) is powered by pedals, batteries, a petrol generator, or plug-in charger - providing flexibility and range enhancements over electric-only bicycles.
An electric vehicle (EV) is a vehicle that uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion. An electric vehicle may be powered through a collector system by electricity from off-vehicle sources, or may be self-contained with a battery, solar panels, fuel cells or an electric generator to convert fuel to electricity. EVs include, but are not limited to, road and rail vehicles, surface and underwater vessels, electric aircraft and electric spacecraft.
EVs first came into existence in the mid-19th century, when electricity was among the preferred methods for motor vehicle propulsion, providing a level of comfort and ease of operation that could not be achieved by the gasoline cars of the time. Modern internal combustion engines have been the dominant propulsion method for motor vehicles for almost 100 years, but electric power has remained commonplace in other vehicle types, such as trains and smaller vehicles of all types.
A vehicle architecture respectively describes the physical layout of a vehicle and the way it realizes its function by a given set of basic architectures parameters and modules. In practise the term vehicle architecture is synonymously used for a product- or product series-spanning modular architecture. The significance of a vehicle architecture arises from the fact that every vehicle has an architecture, but that an architecture is not limited to one particular vehicle. By purposefully developing a vehicle-architecture, it can be used within different products a product series. It thereby advances to a key factor in effectively and profitably developing product-variants. Thus, every customized vehicle ideally comprises a standardized, product-series-spanning architecture, a product-specific platform and productvariant specific, individual characteristics. The aim behind developing a product-spanning architecture is to be economical. A modular layout incorporates standardized interfaces which allow common-part strategies throughout different productvariants and product-series leading to economies of scale. By reducing module variants, costs in development, purchase and production can be lowered as well.
Vehicle dynamics is the study of how the vehicle will react to driver inputs on a given solid surface. It is a part of engineering primarily based on classical mechanics.
Factors affecting vehicle dynamics-Drivetrain and braking,Suspension and steering, Distribution of mass, Aerodynamics, Tires.
The dynamic behavior of vehicles can be analysed in several different ways. This can be as straightforward as a simple spring mass system, through a three-degree of freedom (DoF) bicycle model, to a large degree of complexity using a multibody system simulation package such as MSC ADAMS or Modelica. As computers have gotten faster, and software user interfaces have improved, commercial packages such as CarSim have become widely used in industry for rapidly evaluating hundreds of test conditions much faster than real time. Vehicle models are often simulated with advanced controller designs provided as software in the loop (SIL) with controller design software such as Simulink, or with physical hardware in the loop.
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