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July 27, 2021    Berlin, Germany

2nd Webinar on

Autism and Schizophrenia

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July 27, 2021   10:00 AM GMT  
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2nd Webinar on

Autism and Schizophrenia

Theory of Mind Performance in high Functioning Autism and Schizophrenia

Briefly Know About This Event

We are delighted to welcome all enthusiastic researchers from all around the world to join us for the webinar on “Autism & Schizophrenia” on 25th, June 2021.

Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder that affects less than one percent of the U.S. population. When schizophrenia is active, symptoms can include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, trouble with thinking, and lack of motivation. However, with treatment, most symptoms of schizophrenia will greatly improve, and the likelihood of a recurrence can be diminished. Autism has long been recognized as a Separate Diagnostic entity from Schizophrenia, both Disorders share clinical features. Childhood-onset schizophrenia (COS), considered a rare and severe form of Schizophrenia, frequently presents with premorbid developmental abnormalities.

Negative symptoms: (those abnormally absent) A loss or a decrease in the ability to initiate plans, speak, express emotion, or find pleasure.

Disorganized symptoms: Confused and disordered thinking and speech, trouble with logical thinking, and sometimes bizarre behavior or abnormal movements.

 

Sessions

Early diagnosis can make a huge difference in the lives of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families. But it’s not always easy to make an  Autism diagnosis. There is no lab test for it, so doctors rely on observing the behaviors of very young children and listening to the concerns of their parents. ASD has a very wide range of symptoms. Some people who are “on the spectrum” have severe mental disabilities. Others are highly intelligent and able to live independently. Wherever your child falls on the spectrum, getting autism is a two-stage process, and it starts with your pediatrician. Pediatricians are the first step in the autism diagnosis process. Every child gets an assessment at their 18- and 24-month checkups to make sure they are on track, even if they do not seem to have any symptoms.

Stress is the term used to describe the state of mind in which the individual experiences a distortion or loss of contact with reality. It is caused due to a genetic disorder. This mental state is characterized by the presence of hallucinations, delusions, and/or thought disorder. It affects 3 out of every 100 people. People experiencing psychosis may exhibit personality changes and thought disorders. Psychosis can also be stimulated by traumatic experiences, stress or physical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, brain tumor, or as a result of drug misuse, alcohol misuse. It is most likely to be diagnosed in young adults and in any sort of person. Different types of psychosis include drug or alcohol-related psychosis, organic psychosis, brief reactive psychosis, and psychotic disorders.  

Due to the behavioral, information processing, and sensory aspects of their diagnosis, many people on the autism spectrum often prefer familiar environments with a predictable routine. Restricted and repetitive interests, sensory processing differences and heightened anxiety can make even small changes stressful. Observe your child and ask how your child's social interactions, communication skills, and behavior have developed and changed over time, Give your child tests covering hearing, speech, language, developmental level, and social and behavioral issues, Present structured social and communication interactions to your child and score the performance, Recommend genetic testing to identify whether your child has a genetic disorder such as Rett syndrome or fragile X syndrome.

Maternal stress has been strongly associated with an increased risk of developing ASD. Children experience multiple stressors such as separation anxiety, fear of the unknown, physical and/or emotional trauma, bullying, as well as environmental exposures. Stress is well known to affect learning and motivation, People who have autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have a lifetime rate of depression that is nearly 4 times greater than that of the general population. Depression in ASD is shown to greatly impact the quality of life, Some people with autism struggle with social skills such as eye contact, conversation, and reading body language or expressions. People with autism may develop anxiety because they fear that others may be criticizing them for their actions or struggles in social situations.

Autistic children often find it hard to recognise emotions, facial expressions, and other emotional cues like tone of voice and body language. show and manage their own emotions. understand and respond to other people's emotions – they might lack, or seem to lack, empathy with others,

Teaching Emotional Self-Regulation

  1. Create an emotional levels chart. ...
  2. Teach the child to assign emotional levels to certain situations. ...
  3. Talk to the child about what appropriate reactions should be to different scenarios. ...
  4. Teach the child coping strategies.

Behavioral interventions are interventions designed to affect the actions that individuals take with regard to their health. ... These interventions encourage people who are at high risk for a particular disease to do something about it, A study on human behavior has revealed that 90% of the population can be classified into four basic personality types: Optimistic, Pessimistic, Trusting, and Envious. However, the latter of the four types, Envious, is the most common, with 30% compared to 20% for each of the other groups.

Epidemiologic studies suggest that the risk of schizophrenia is increased after prenatal maternal viral infections such as influenza, rubella, measles, and polio, as well as infections with bacterial pathogens and genital and/or reproductive infections, Thus, the association between maternal infection during pregnancy and schizophrenia in the offspring does not seem to be pathogen-specific. Similarly, prenatal/perinatal exposure to numerous pathogens.

including rubella, measles, and cytomegalovirus has been implicated in the etiology of autism, suggesting that the infection-associated risk of autism may also not be pathogen-specific. This notion finds support from a recent nationwide study in Denmark on >20,000 children born to mothers who required hospitalization because of infection during pregnancy. Hospital admission due to maternal exposure to various viral or bacterial infections significantly increased the offspring's risk of ASD, an effect that seemed unrelated to hospitalization.

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