The aging of society, the number of osteoporosis-related fractures is increasing. Prevention of osteoporosis and maintenance of the quality of life of osteoporosis patients require early diagnosis, effective treatment, and highly precise treatment monitoring. Although bone biopsy is clinically one of the essential techniques for diagnosis of osteoporosis, it is invasive and difficult to perform in general clinical practice. Bone mineral density measurement is another essential technique available in clinical practice that provides good precision. However, it is not effective for determining the appropriate treatment options or evaluating short-term treatment efficacy. On the other hand, bone turnover markers (BTMs) have gained attention because they provide information that is valuable for both the selection of treatment and short-term monitoring.
Pediatric patients with epilepsy are at risk for low vitamin D levels, increasing the risk for bone fractures, yet standardized bone health screening is not part of routine care.
We surveyed pediatric neurologists (n = 68) at our center regarding screening practices, using an 11-item survey; constructed a bone health treatment algorithm; and developed a training intervention to improve screening rates.
The overall survey response rate was 47%. Among respondents, 64% estimated that they screened for bone health less than 25% of the time. Chart review before the intervention demonstrated an overall screening rate of 25.1% (n = 50/199). One year after implementation of a standardized algorithm, the overall screening rates increased to 53.8% (n = 100/186). The frequency of prescribing vitamin D for patients treated with antiepileptic medications increased among general neurologists (preintervention rate 16%, postintervention rate 51%, P < 0.01) as well as among epileptologists (preintervention rate 45%, postintervention rate 57%, P = 0.04).
This position development conference (PDC) Task Force examined the assessment of bone status in orthopedic surgery patients. Key questions included which orthopedic surgery patients should be evaluated for poor bone health prior to surgery and which subsets of patients are at high risk for poor bone health and adverse outcomes. Second, the reliability and validity of using bone densitometry techniques and measurement of specific geometries around the hip and knee before and after arthroplasty was determined. Finally, the use of computed tomography (CT) attenuation coefficients (Hounsfield units) to estimate bone quality at anatomic locations where orthopedic surgery is performed including femur, tibia, shoulder, wrist, and ankle were reviewed.
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