Digital HealthcareDigital technologies are reinventing healthcare across the patient lifecycle, enabling a more personalized, timely and cost-effective treatment journey. Generally, digital healthcare is concerned about the development of interconnected health systems so as to improve the use of computational technologies, smart devices, computational analysis techniques and communication media to aid healthcare professionals and patients manage illnesses and health risks, as well as promote health and wellbeing. Digital healthcare is a multi-disciplinary domain which involves many stakeholders, including clinicians, researchers and scientists with a wide range of expertise in healthcare, engineering, social sciences, public health, health economics and management.
Nursing and HealthcareNursing mainly focuses on the protection, optimization, and balancing of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, facilitation of healing, and aiding the patients through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations. Nursing and health care deals with various aspects such as primary health, secondary health care etc. Pregnancy care is the essential care that is needed most of the women which consist of prenatal and postpartum healthcare for expectant mothers. It involves treatments and training to ensure a healthy pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and labor and delivery.
Public Health & Community MedicinePublic health is the science that helps in reducing the illness and prolonging life and even promoting human health by some efforts and decisions of society, organizations, public, communities and sole person. Community medicine is kind of a vague specialty of medicine because it covers an enormous range from epidemiology, statistics at field (community) level to policy-making in central level. It's essentially a science of wiping out illness in a community and isn't centered on the patient.
Oral Care & Dental HealthOral wellbeing is key to general wellbeing and it should be taken care off. It hints at the lack of contamination it is essential for a person to keep up oral cleanliness. Oral health is a very important side in everybody life because it shows the sign of deficiencies and infection. It's important for an individual to take care of oral hygiene and visit the dentist frequently for a routine checkup. Dental specialists can currently provide patients with propelled choices like laser dentistry, Esthetic dentistry, Digital dentistry, and Implant dentistry.
Disease PreventionDisease prevention is outlined as measures that seek to avert the prevalence of disease (including injury), arrest its progress, and scale back its consequences once it's established. Disease prevention is often classified into levels: primordial, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Preventive interventions aim at interrupting the web of causality leading to one or more aspects of ill-health. They're directed at totally different phases in the development of disease, aiming at eradicating, eliminating, or minimizing its impact, or if none of this is feasible, retarding the progress of disease and disability.
Nutrition and ObesityNutrition is defined as the upkeep of a well-balanced diet consisting of the essential nutrients and also the adequate caloric consumption that is needed to trigger evolution and withstand the physiological necessity at the different phases. With advances within the fields of biology, chemistry, genetics, the study of human nutrition is more and more involved with metabolism and metabolic pathways. Obesity is a chronic condition characterized by an abundance measure of body fat. Obesity increases the danger of building up numerous unending diseases. Obesity during childhood might be a significant risk factor that inflicts severe immediate and future health complications.
Diabetic Health careDiabetes normally termed as “Diabetes Mellitus” in which there is a high sugar level than optimum level. Symptoms of high blood sugar include increased urination, increased thirst, and raised hunger. Normally there are two kinds of diabetes i.e., Type 1 and Type 2. It is a disease that not solely affects the insulin manufacturing cells however it additionally affects the entire immune system of the body making it weak as a result of that the body becomes vulnerable to completely different complications. Heart disease or a stroke, high blood pressure, high cholesterol level, nerve pain, kidney-related illness, eye problem (glaucoma), dermal problems are some major possible complications that develop more likely in a diabetic patient.
Skin and Body HealthSkin is your body's largest organ. It is a protecting barrier between your insides and the rest of the world, helps regulate temperature and acts as a filter. Skin exists in an exceedingly constant state of growth, with old cells dying as new cells are forming. Proper skin care isn't solely about looking good, it's about staying healthy. Poor skin care habits will cause rashes, sores, acne and wrinkles. Unhealthy skin is additionally vulnerable to sickness, infection and is more likely to scar after an injury. Proper care is especially vital for those who experience skin problems, like psoriasis or have skin allergies. Aging skin is among the most common patient considerations during a facial plastic surgery practice.
Cardiovascular HealthCardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases used to describe all diseases of the heart and/or blood vessels (e.g. arteries). Cardiovascular (CV) illness (CVD) is the leading world reason for mortality, being liable for 46 of non-communicable disease deaths. it's been estimated that about 85.6 million Americans live with some type of CVD, that continues to rise. Coronary heart disease which consists of heart attacks, coronary artery disease and stroke are common forms of CVD. Heart disease is a major cause of disability and premature death throughout the globe. Cardiovascular disease in ladies has received raised attention in a previous couple of years.
Women’s Health, Gynaecology & ObstetricsWomen’s health differs from those of men by unique biological, social and behavioral conditions. The leading death estimate in women coprise cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, PCOS, menopause, etc. The major threat within the developing countries is the maternal deaths that are incessantly increasingly because of poor health. Obstetrics and Gynecology is the medical specialty that encompasses the two subspecialties of obstetrics which cover pregnancy, childbirth, and also the postpartum period and gynecology which covers the health of the female reproductive systems i.e., ovaries, uterus and vagina.
Infectious & Emerging DiseasesInfectious Diseases are primarily caused by micro-organisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. A number of these organisms cause diseases than any other. Infectious diseases kill more individuals throughout the globe. More than ever before we tend to face the threat of new diseases that apparently erupt out of obscurity. A disease is an emerging disease only when it's completely a new infection or it's recently raised in impact and severity and affected newer locations across the world. Developing dimensions to strengthen and educate groups of researchers to assist detect, forestall and control infectious diseases in animals and people. Early discovery of recent viruses eventually helps the worldwide public health agencies like the World Health Organizations to prevent emerging diseases in their tracks.
Mental and Physical HealthThe physical and mental health of the human being should be maintained in a balanced way where poor physical health can lead to mental health problems and vice-versa. The lifestyle factors which can affect both the physical health and mental health involve exercise, diet, smoking, depression etc. There are also other problems which include obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood glucose levels leading to heart disease, diabetes and other illness. Indigenous system of medicine is also widely practiced among the developing countries which definitely play a major role in curing chronic diseases and several infections.
Pharmaceutics and HealthcareThe medical industry provides a vast range of healthcare services, manufacturing medical equipment and developing pharmaceuticals which also include the designing of drugs and the delivery system according to human health. The Patent system plays a crucial role where every day new life-saving drugs is introduced into the market and they are regulated by the pharmaceutical sector by the patent laws. Quality Assurance and control has a wide impact on pharmaceutical products in order to meet the standards for the recommended use. Pharmacogenomics is the new emerging technology where therapeutic drugs are combined with genetics in order to meet the complex diseases.
Alternative Healthcare and Case StudiesAlternative healthcare medicine is a healing practice that's not associated with any of the scientific methods of treatment. It consists of a wide range of health care practices, natural products, and therapies, starting from natural herbs to the modified by-products extract. It includes varied new traditional medicine practices like homeopathy, naturopathy, chiropractic, energy medicine, acupuncture, ancient Chinese medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, and Christian faith healing. These treatment methodologies don't show a connection to any science-based healthcare system however depending on natural practices.
Healthcare and InnovationsTechnology invades every dimension of critical care. Medical technology is a broad field where innovation plays a significant role in sustaining human health. Areas like biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, information technology, biomedical engineering which includes the development of medical devices and equipment, and more have all made significant contributions to improving the health of people all around the world. Technology in health care is a crucial focus of research which in the future will continue to develop in dramatic ways. Stem cell research is an emerging tool in the biological system which enhances the field of technology in a favorable way for the patients.
Medical TourismMedical tourism is where people travel from one country to another for medical treatment.T he factors that mainly contribute to the medical tourism are high costs, prolonged wait for the surgeries, ease and comfortability and also to meet the technology and standards of many countries. The various surgeries and transplantations such as cosmetic surgery, organ transplantation, infertility treatment, etc. have become a prominent one among most of the developed countries. Medical tourism also contributes greatly to government revenues and offers employment opportunities to native individuals.
Challenges Involved in Medical TourismEven though there are various edges and opportunities which comes under medical tourism, potential medical tourists who are looking forward to exploiting these benefits would be considered as a strong challenge. Authorization and varied quality measures which have a refusal worldwide will end up to be risky and even dangerous for medical tourists to ponder, creating a medical commercial enterprise which results in a difficult methodology. There are several healthcare policies which monitors the overall tourism and also medical tourism has various legal and ethical issues such as cross border services, hospital management and also poses a major challenge to the healthcare suppliers.
Environmental Impact of Medical TourismAn increasing range of studies reveals that the tourism industry makes a considerable contribution towards socio-economic growth and development of tourism led economies. However, tourism steered economic growth and development is achieved at the price of environmental pollution and degradation. For infrastructural growth, the natural greenery or forest cover of an area is compromised in order to accommodate additional buildings, hospital facilities, roads, treatment or diagnostic centers etc. To supplement the above, there's a nonstop discharge of polluted air, solid -toxic medical waste, litters of sewage consisting of oil and chemicals. Health tourism conjointly creates a scarcity of native resources like power, food stock, fuel and alternative unredeemable natural resources, that may already be in short supply within the host country.
Global Healthcare EconomicsGlobalization is a key challenge to public health, especially in developing countries where also the health economists study the functioning of health care systems & health-affecting behaviors like drinking, smoking etc. The framework encompasses both direct and indirect effects on health, operating through the national economy, household economies and health-related sectors such as water, sanitation, clinical practices and education as well as more direct effects on population-level and individual risk factors on the health care system. The effects of globalization will be optimized only when improvements in health and well-being become central objectives of national economic policy-making and the design and management of the international economic system.
Out Bound Tourism