Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM), additionally Known as perinatology, it's the branch of medicine that studies, diagnoses, and treats health-related problems for the fetus and also the mother, during, and shortly after pregnancy. It's a subspecialty of Obstetrics. Physicians who specialize in this field collaborate with paediatricians, neonatologists, and primary obstetricians for low risk and high-risk pregnancy. MFM specialists are experts in insecure high-risk pregnancy. Maternal-Fetal medicine (MFM) is the branch of obstetrics that focuses on the medical and surgical management of high-risk pregnancies
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
A branch of medicine that specializes in the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth and in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive organs. It also specializes in other women’s health issues, such as menopause, hormone problems, contraception (birth control), and infertility. In many areas, the specialties of gynaecology and obstetrics overlap.
Fetal Evaluation and Prenatal Testing
Prenatal diagnosis has revolutionized prenatal care from the perspective of both the patient and the physician. For the patient, prenatal diagnosis provides genetic, anatomic, and physiologic information about the fetus or fetuses that can be used to make informed and individualized decisions regarding the pregnancy. For the physician, prenatal diagnosis provides vital information that can be utilized for better antepartum management.
Reproductive medicine is a branch of medicine concerning the male and female reproductive systems. It encompasses a variety of reproductive conditions, their prevention and assessment, as well as their subsequent treatment and prognosis. It also incorporates many aspects of ethics and law and has recently seen massive advancements with the help of technology and research. Reproductive medicine has allowed the development of artificial reproductive techniques (ARTs) which have allowed advances in overcoming human infertility, as well as being used in agriculture and in wildlife conservation.
Gynaecological surgery refers to surgery on the female reproductive system. Gynaecological surgery is usually performed by gynaecologists. It includes procedures for benign conditions, cancer, infertility, and incontinence. Gynaecological surgery may occasionally be performed for elective or cosmetic purposes. Gynaecological surgery is presently developing every surgical intercession relating to ladies wellbeing, including Urogynaecology, oncology and fetal surgery.
Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of new-born infants, especially the ill or premature new-borns. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The principal patients of neonatologists are new-born infants who are ill or require special medical care due to prematurity, low-birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, congenital malformations (birth defects), sepsis, pulmonary hypoplasia or birth asphyxia.
Fetal surgery also known as fetal reconstructive surgery, antenatal surgery, prenatal surgery, is a growing branch of maternal-fetal medicine that covers any of a broad range of surgical techniques that are used to treat birth defects in fetuses who are still in the pregnant uterus. There are three main types: open fetal surgery, which involves completely opening the uterus to operate on the fetus; minimally invasive fetoscopic surgery, which uses small incisions and is guided by fetoscopy and sonography; and percutaneous fetal therapy, which involves placing a catheter under continuous ultrasound guidance. Fetal intervention is relatively new. Advancing technologies allow earlier and more accurate diagnosis of diseases and congenital problems in a fetus.
Fetal Brain development
The fetal brain begins to develop during the third week of gestation. Neural progenitor cells begin to divide and differentiate into neurons and glia, the two cell types that form the basis of the nervous system. By the ninth week, the brain appears as a small, smooth structure. Fetal brain development has a long-lasting effect on your baby’s personality. The brain grows at a remarkably rapid rate. By the end of the third week of gestation, the embryo has formed the three parts of the brain (the forebrain, midbrain, and hindbrain). One week later, the brain begins functioning.
The heart is the first organ to develop in your unborn baby and is the most important to his or her lifetime of health. We’re here to help understand exactly how your baby’s heart is growing, and to partner with you, your obstetrician and a diverse care team to support your baby’s unique needs before, during and after birth. Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) may be identified during fetal life with a very high level of diagnostic accuracy at tertiary centres with an established fetal cardiology programme.
Embryology and Human Genetics
Embryology is the branch of science that reviews the pre-birth improvement of gametes treatment, and advancement of incipient organisms and hatchlings. A human starts life as a treated ovum. These single-cell offers ascend to a great many cells that shape the human body. In an initial couple of days following treatment, the creating incipient organism comprises of a chunk of cells. This inserts on the mass of the uterus and starts to become further, bolstered by supplements and blood from the mother.Human Genetics qualities examine is of legacy as it happens in individuals.