Title: Significance of Demand Response in Light of Current Pilot Projects in China and Devising a Problem Solution for Future Advancements
The electric power sector contributes significantly to China’s economic growth. However, rapid industrialization and urbanization have led to energy shortages. More than 70% of customers’ demand is fulfilled by fossil fuel sources that threaten the environment. The rapid increase in demand and the need for decarbonization has forced China to work on demand side management as a way of meeting the power needs of the country. Though DSM is receiving much importance in China over the past few years, it is still in the early phases of development in comparison to other developed countries. At first, this paper points out the need of demand response , which is an aspect of the DSM, for maintaining power system stability and integrating variable renewable energy resources such as wind (on-shore and off-shore) and solar (photovoltaic and concentrated solar power). Then, it assesses China power sector reforms and changes in demand response policies over the period of time to promote demand response programs. It also reviews current demand response pilot projects in China, identifies technical and policy barriers in implementing these projects and proposes recommendations to make it successful across the whole country.
MUHAMMAD FAIZAN TAHIR received the B.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from UET Taxila, in 2011, and the M.S. degree in electrical engineering from The University of Lahore, Pakistan, in 2015. He is currently pursuing the Ph.D. degree in power system and automation with the South China University of Technology. He was a Lecturer with The University of Lahore, from 2012 to 2016. His research interests include renewable energy, demand response, load management, and integrated energy system planning.