LONGDOM proffers our immense pleasure and honor in extending you a warm invitation to attend Bioenergy 2020. It is focusing on ‘Biomass and Bioenergy : A solution to future’ to enhance and explore knowledge among Chemistry Departments and to establish corporations and exchanging ideas. Providing the right stage to present stimulating Keynote talks, Plenary sessions, Discussion Panels, B2B Meetings, Poster symposia, Video Presentations, and Workshops.
Sessions & Tracks
Track 01: Biomass- Introduction
Biomass is a fuel which is derived from organic materials and is a sustainable and renewable source of energy used to generate electricity or different forms of power. Biomass is mostly found in the form of living or recently living plants and biological wastes from industrial and home use while there are other forms too. Some examples that make biomass fuels are woods, garbage, crops, Manure, Landfill gas, alcohol gas, etc. Conversion of biomass into biofuel can be achieved through various different methods which are broadly classified into thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Till now wood is the largest biomass energy source to date; some examples are like forest residues (such as dead trees, branches, and tree stumps), yard clippings, wood chips, and even municipal solid waste. Biomass can be converted to different effective forms of energy like methane gas or transportation fuels like ethanol and biodiesel. Fuel derived from Biomass also produces air pollution in the form of Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, Nitrogen oxides, Volatile organic compounds, particulates and other pollutants at levels above compared to those conventional fuel sources such as coal or natural gas in some cases (such as with indoor heating and cooking).
Track 02: Biomass Applications
Biomass is first treated and then transformed into synthesis gas via the gasification process. The resulting syngas is then cleaned preliminary to conversion to liquid biofuels, typically via Fischer Tropsch or the Mobil process. There is two main biomass-based liquid propellants in the market place today, ethanol and biodiesel. Some 20 Mm 3 y -1 of ethanol is produced with an energy content of 435 PJ, manufacturing this the second most important biofuel. A much smaller amount of biodiesel is used in the USA and Europe. A tonne of cane Generally produces between 125 and 140 kg of raw sugar, or between 70 and 80 liters of ethanol, although a tonne of maize, with about 70% to 75% starch content, will produce between 440 and 460 L t -1 with wet and dry corn crushing, respectively.
Track 03: Biomass Processing Technologies
The wide range of biomass sources available in nature includes feed-stock characterized by different chemical compositions, physical status, toxicity, and energy content. These technologies can then be accompanied by using an array of secondary treatments (refining, stabilization, de-watering, upgrading, ) relying on particular very final products. The feed-stock quality represents a relevant aspect influencing the decision on the most suitable valorization technology to be adopted. Particularly, regardless of the energy recovery efficiency have to constitute the key driver for the choice, monetary competitiveness, and market opportunity play the main function towards the industrial improvement of recent technologies and techniques.
Track 04: Pyrolysis
Pyrolysis is a thermochemical remedy, which may be carried out to any organic (carbon-based totally) product. it is able to be completed on natural products as well as its mixtures. in this treatment generally, the material is exposed to high temperature, and within the absence of oxygen goes through chemical and physical separation into exclusive molecules. The decomposition takes place thanks to the restrained thermal balance of chemical bonds of substances, which lets them to be disintegrated by using heat as a medium. The products of biomass pyrolysis encompass biochar, bio-oil and gases such as methane, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide. Depending on the thermal surroundings and the final temperature, pyrolysis will yield particularly biochar at low temperatures, much less than 450 0C, when the heating rate is quite gradual, and particularly gases at excessive temperatures, greater than 800 0C, a rapid heating rate. At an intermediate temperature and relatively under high heating rates, the principal product is bio-oil.
Track 05: Pellets and Densified Biomass
With pellets and densified, biomass is produced and sold in quantities ranging from a 40-pound bag to entire shiploads, this industry is serving a broad market with very diverse needs. The track will offer participants an opportunity to concentrate exclusively on this hot segment of the biomass to the energy industry.
Track 06: Bioenergy
Bioenergy is renewable energy made accessible and available from material obtained from organic sources. Biomass is any organic material which stores sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it might incorporate wood, wood squander, straw, fertilizer, sugarcane and much variety of by-products from farming processes. In its most thin sense, it is particular to biofuel, where fuel is obtained from biological sources. In its wider sense, it incorporates biomass, the organic material utilized as a biofuel and in addition to social, financial, logical and specialized fields related to utilizing natural hotspots for vitality. This is a typical misbelief, as bioenergy is the energy separated from the biomass, as the biomass is the fuel and the bioenergy is the vitality contained in the fuel.
Track 07: Bioenergy Conversion Methods
The process to convert solid biomass raw material to gas fuel or chemical feedstock gas (syngas) is known as Gasification. Chemical conversion of gas would be lavish and there are some microorganisms that can convert the CO, H(2), and CO(2) gas to fuels. The discovery of organisms which are capable of higher product yield, as metabolic engineering of microbial catalyst, will make this technology a feasible option for reducing our dependency on primary fuels. Different conversion methods are Gas Production, Pyrolysis, Anaerobic digestion, Biorefineries, Bioethanol production and sugar release from biomass. Production of energy crops could potentially compete for land with food cropping as demand for biomass increases.
Track 08: Bioenergy Applications
Bioenergy is the conversion of biomass resources including agricultural and forest area residues, organic municipal waste and from vegetation to useful energy carriers inclusive of heat, power, electricity generation and transport fuels. Biomass uses is increasing day by day for modern applications such as Dendro-power, Co-generation, and Combined Heat and Power generation (CHP). Relying on the useful resource availability and technical, economic and environmental impact, these can be the alternatives to fossil fuels applications. Bioenergy is a renewable energy resource mainly appropriate for electricity generation, heating & cooling in delivery, will be at the core of this sectorial shift in renewable power manufacturing and use and is becoming the dominant form of RES.
Track 09: Bioenergy Transition
Bioenergy is the conversion of biomass resources including agricultural and forest area residues, organic municipal waste and from vegetation to useful energy carriers inclusive of heat, power, electricity generation and transport fuels. Biomass uses is increasing day by day for modern applications such as Dendro-power, Co-generation, and Combined Heat and Power generation (CHP). Relying on the useful resource availability and technical, economic and environmental impact, these can be the alternatives to fossil fuels applications. Bioenergy is a renewable energy resource mainly appropriate for electricity generation, heating & cooling in delivery will be at the core of this sectorial shift in renewable power manufacturing and use and is becoming the dominant form of RES.
Track 10: Biofuels
Biomass is one kind of renewable useful resource that can be transformed into liquid fuels referred to as biofuels for transportation. Biofuels include cellulosic ethanol, biodiesel, and renewable hydrocarbon "drop-in" fuels. The two most commonly used biofuels today are ethanol and biodiesel. Biofuels can be used in airplanes and most vehicles that are on the road. First generation biofuels are processed from the sugars and vegetable oils found in arable crops, which can be smoothly extracted applying traditional technology. In comparison, advanced biofuels are made from lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste, which makes it tougher to extract the vital fuel. Advanced biofuel technologies have been invented because first generation biofuels manufacture has major boundaries and limitations. First generation biofuel processes are suitable but restrained in most cases: there is a limit above which they cannot produce enough biofuel without forbidding food supplies and biodiversity. Many first-generation biofuels rely on aids and do not cost competitive with usual fossil fuels such as oil, and some of them produce only limited greenhouse gas emissions savings. When considering emissions from transport and production, life-cycle assessment from first-generation biofuels usually approaches those of traditional fossil fuels. Advanced biofuels can aid in resolving these complications and can impart a greater proportion of global fuel supply affordable, sustainably and with larger environmental interests.
Track 11: Production of Biofuels
Biofuel is petroleum that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil gases, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
Track 12: Bioethanol
Bioethanol is a clear, colorless liquid with a characteristic smell. Generally, people will recognize the smell, as it is a kind of spirit or so-called pure alcohol (which, however, one cannot drink). Bioethanol was previously produced by fermentation and distillation and was primarily based on grain or corn (1st-generation bioethanol). This production was criticized heavily as it was using up food products. In contrast, 2nd-generation bioethanol is normally produced from corn or straw stalks. There is also on-going research and development into the use of municipal solid wastes to produce ethanol fuel. Brazil and the United States account for over 70 percent of all ethanol production in the world today with the USA producing an estimated 6,500 Million gallons a year. Bioethanol produces only carbon dioxide and water as the waster products on burning, and the carbon dioxide released during fermentation and combustion equals the amount removed from the atmosphere while the crop is growing This fuel is not suitable for use in all cars and you should check compatibility with your vehicle manufacturer before using it. Researchers have recently launched a proposal to cultivate massive amounts of seaweed or algae. They claim that the project could occupy about ten thousand kilometers of seaweed farm and they estimated that the farm would be able to produce bioethanol from algae, as much as 20 million kilolitres or 5.3 billion gallons of bioethanol per year.
Track 13: Biodiesel
Biodiesel is a different fuel similar to conventional or 'fossil' diesel. Biodiesel can be produced from straight vegetable oil, animal oil or fats, tallow, and waste cooking oil. The process used to convert these oils to Biodiesel is called transesterification. Biodiesel has reduced exhaust emissions related to petroleum diesel fuel.
Track 14: Renewable Energy
Renewable Energy is generally defined as any energy resources that can be naturally renew or regenerated over a short period of time and which is directly derived from the sun (solar energy),indirectly from sun such as wind energy, hydropower energy, bioenergy ,or from other mechanisms of natural resources (geothermal energy or tidal energy). Renewable energy only includes energy derived from organic and natural resources it doesn’t include inorganic resources. REN21 is an energy policy network that brings government and non-governmental organization together and other organizations to learn from one another and build successes in advance renewable energy. Renewable energy which is replaced by a natural process as the rate of the process is faster than the rate which is consumed. Renewable energy is energy that is obtained from natural processes and is continuously replenished. This includes sunlight, geothermal heat, wind energy, tides, water, and various forms of biomass. This energy cannot be totally used and is constantly renewed. Biomass is a renewable organic matter, and it includes biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms, such as wood, waste, and alcohol fuels.
Track 15: Energy and Environment
Energy and environment are co-related in the technological and scientific aspects including energy conservation, and the interaction of energy forms and systems with the physical environment. The levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide have elevated by 31% among 1800 and 2000, going from 280 parts per million to 367 parts per million. Scientists see coming carbon dioxide levels to be as high as 970 parts per million by the year 2100. Different factors are responsible for this development, which include progress with respect to technical parameters of energy converters, in particular, improved efficiency; emissions characteristics and expanded lifetime. Various environmental policies have been implemented across the globe for the reduction of GHG emissions for improvement of the environment.
Track 16: Bio-Economy
Bio-economy is understanding mechanisms and methodologies at the genetic and molecular levels and applying this to creating or improving industrial processes. The Bio-economy comprises those parts of the economy that use renewable biological resources from land and sea – such as crops, forests, fish, animals, and micro-organisms – to produce food, materials, and energy. It is an essential and effective alternative to the dangers and limitations of our current fossil-based economy and can be considered as the next wave in our economic improvements and development. Bio-economy, bio-based economy, biotechnology refers to all economic activity derived from scientific and research activity focused on biotechnology.
Track 17: Sustainibility and Climate Change
Climate change is the most important challenge to achieve sustainable development, and it threatens to drag a huge number of individuals into grinding poverty. Climate change is a very long-term issue. It is going on today, and it involves uncertainties for policymakers attempting to shape the future. Sustainability is no longer just a fashionable word but it is an organized way to achieve a holistic and triple bottom line growth. Apart from the risk of identification and mitigation, as well as a huge development in the performance of methods and systems for optimization of resources, the other proven tangible and intangible benefits of sustainability includes its positive impact on employees morale. An organization is recognized as an employer of choice, supply chains being motivated to adopt leading practices and consumers being educated on the importance of responsible behavior. After years of it being perceived as cost-centric, we're now sooner or later realizing the true value-addition made the implementation of sustainability-related measures.
Track 18: Green Energy and Solar Energy
Solar panels convert the sun's lightweight into usable alternative energy victimization with N-type and semiconductor device material. Once daylight is absorbed by these materials, the alternative energy knocks electrons to loose from their atoms, permitting the electrons to flow through the fabric and thus it provides electricity. This method of changing lightweight (photons) to electricity (voltage) is named the electrical phenomenon (PV) result, presently star panels convert most of the actinic radiation spectrum and regarding half the ultraviolet and actinic ray spectrum to using alternative energy. Solar energy technologies use the sun's energy and light-weight to produce heat, light, hot water, electricity and even cooling, for homes, businesses, and business.
Track 19: Green Revolution
This new ‘agriculture strategy’ was put into practice for the first time in India in the Kharif season of 1966-67 with an objective to attain self-sufficiency in food by 1970-71 and was termed HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES PROGRAMME (HYVP). The core philosophy of the program was to increase the productivity of food grains by adopting the latest varieties of inputs of crops. This program was introduced in the form of a package program since it depended crucially on regular and adequate irrigation, fertilizers, high yielding varieties of seeds, pesticides, and insecticides.
Track 20: Future Challenges
While nothing is for certain, some things which will lie ahead square measure currently terrible. If taking a short-run horizon of maybe five years or less, then such future challenges will for the foremost half be unheeded by the bulk of people and organizations. The future of bioenergy is uncertain. The numerous constraints it faces suggests it could see little or no growth. But the huge challenge of solving climate change makes some think it could be the savior of the planet in the long run. However, associate degree credible long designing got to embrace an awareness on peak oil, peak water, food shortages, resource depletion, viral pandemics, antibiotic resistance, population aging.
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